Planet Earth has vast amounts of sand in total and concentrated in places.
How did it get there? Where or what did it come from to be transformed into pure quartz sand?
From lakes and grasslands with hippos and giraffes to a vast desert, North Africa’s sudden geographical transformation 5,000 years ago was one of the planet’s most dramatic climate shifts. The transformation took place nearly simultaneously across the continent’s northern half
Sahara Went from Green to Desert in a Flash | Live Science
From sandy beaches, amazing coloured sandy beaches, sandy deserts, sandstone rocks, sandstone geology features and layers, sand islands such as Fraser Island in Australia, all the sand in our soils, in ocean water and sand transported in our atmosphere.
How was massive amounts of sand transported by rivers and streams without them silting up? Rivers and deltas silt up rapidly and have to be abandoned or dredged clear.
Then we have vast surface deposits of loess and mineralogically heterogeneous sand deposits forming the world’s deserts, of mysterious origin, scattered over the continents, with no evidence of these sediments also occurring in the adjacent ocean basins. The origin for the loess and sands are guessed to be associated with ice ages, but the link is controversial and, to this writer, implausible if the mechanism is glacial grinding. Flowing ice does not erode or grind – it flows like a viscous solid much like cold treacle.
The sands are believed to be the erosion products of granitic mountain ranges, and then is it chemical erosion or mechanical attrition? Weathered granite does not yield sand. Ice cannot attrition granite to produce quartz sands that are then transported laterally by fluvial or aeolian processes.
We have vast sand and loess deposits with no obvious provenance. We also have a large number of “volcanic” features for which there are no associated eruptive deposits.
How was sand formed and moved on other planets with their very different geology to our planets? Especially sandy Mars with its incredible dunes (sand dunes and hematite dunes), dusty atmosphere and storms that cover the whole planet.
Origin of Sahara sand and desert
Sand in the air and especially the sand that goes from the Sahara in Africa all over the Atlantic to be deposited in South America and help sustain the amazing size and variety of life in the Amazon Basic and Jungle. And what happened to create the Sahara desert which was an area depicted by rock art of lakes, rivers, boats and animals?
If the Sahara changed into a massive desert in or only a few thousand years ago what event created it, transformed the material into sand or deposited a vast amount of sand in that area?
The team traced the region’s wet and dry periods over the past 30,000 years by analyzing sediment samples off the coast of Africa. Such sediments are composed, in part, of dust blown from the continent over thousands of years: The more dust that accumulated in a given period, the drier the continent may have been.
From their measurements, the researchers found that the Sahara emitted five times less dust during the African Humid Period than the region does today. Their results, which suggest a far greater change in Africa’s climate than previously estimated, will be published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
A ‘green’ Sahara was far less dusty than today | Live Science
Origin and formation of sand theories
- Natural by erosion or weathering of material
- Extraterrestrial – mass deposits during planetary interactions (Worlds in Collision type scenarios)
- Extraterrestrial – shepherd Earth similar to shepherd moons – captured by our planets atmosphere as it travelled through a dusty/debris solar system after planetary catastrophes (Thunderbolts of the Gods and fighting between the planetary Gods)
- Creation/transmutation of material by solar system Electric Universe events such as cometary or planetary discharges
- Formed by smaller local EU geology events?
- Being created and coming from inside the planet (dirty thunderstorms etc)
- Still being formed through live Electric geology events in a live Electric Universe?
Electric Universe origin of sand theories
When you have an highly charged object like a comet coming towards the earth, before it strikes the earth there will be an electrical discharge between the two bodies and that discharge will usually be of sufficient magnitude to destroy the incoming object – so you end up with a shower of sand and stuff like that.
The famous Chicago fires where that whole area of the US was lit by strange fires and falls of sand and such like. And this occurred at the time of the disappearance of Biela’s comet.
The Electric Universe: Comets & Planets – Wallace Thornhill, David Talbott | Coast to Coast
Is it possible the earth is covered with debris from recent cosmic catastrophe? Could debris such as large boulders, rocks, stones, pebbles, dust and sand which are believed to be indigenous to Earth actually be extraterrestrial in origin?
Countless tons of rocks bombarded Earth’s atmosphere, fragmenting and breaking up into fine grains of sand. As it fell to Earth it covered vast areas of once-lush, green fertile land, turning it into the barren deserts we see today.
The Sahara Desert | Gary Gilligan
Peroxide reactions, especially in the presence of activating ultraviolet light, would favor the conversion of hematite or the hydrated limonite into magnetite. Secondly, magnetite might be reduced in the presence of peroxide to maghemite, which itself can exist in a magnetic or nonmagnetic (hematite) state. This is because, as is well-known to almost every bench analyst who’s dirtied his or her hands as a wet-chemist, under certain conditions peroxides can act as either oxidizing or reducing agents. The exotic conditions on Mars certainly qualify for an unusual laboratory environment on a planetary scale.
Such peroxides on Mars would most probably come from the dissociation of the CO2 or sparse water vapor in the atmosphere. Moreover, the disturbance of the windstorms, abetted by the otherwise anomalous peroxide reduction of hematite to the ferrous state (FeO), perhaps might also — if accompanied by water from the poles — convert mineral iron compounds to the nonmagnetic greenish ferrous hydroxide or even to the darker ferric hydroxide, geothite.
The Sands of Mars | Thunderbolts TPOD
During these encounters an incandescent molten Mars internally convulsed and ejected immeasurable quantities of vaporised rock, volatiles, dust and debris out into space – a natural by-product of planetary chaos.
Vast swaths of rock vapour fell to earth (along with tons of other sedimentary material) where it condensed out of the atmosphere as tiny quartz grains. In other words, it rained sand!
Extraterrestrial Sands book | Gary Gilligan
Electrochemical? Peter ‘Mungo’ Jupp has suggested this possible atomic number scenario, for a transmutation or EU geology origin and formation?
The atomic number of sand (SiO2) is 30 and combining Nitrogen(7)X2 and Oxygen(8)x2 is also 30! Could electrical discharge convert oxygen and nitrogen to sand?