Redshift theory is something astronomers and science uses to calculate the distance of space stuff like galaxies, stars, black holes, quasars etc. A space bodies red shift is used to determine how old an object is, relative to the Big Bang theory. There is an astronomer who disagrees with this interpretation of the shifting of the light spectrum.
News about the age of a black hole discovered may mean spinoff ideas (nebular hypothesis etc) based on the current version of the Big Bang theory, have to be slightly modified? Could this be a discovered exception to the current rules on blue and redshifting?
describe evidence for a galaxy called EGS8p7 that is more than 13.2 billion years old. The universe itself is about 13.8 billion years old.
"The surprising aspect about the present discovery is that we have detected this Lyman-alpha line in an apparently faint galaxy at a redshift of 8.68, corresponding to a time when the universe should be full of absorbing hydrogen clouds," Ellis says. Prior to their discovery, the farthest detected galaxy had a redshift of 7.73.
Farthest Galaxy Detected | California Institute of Technology
Redshift theory debunked by Halton Arp?
Halton Arp was investigating galaxies and created the famous Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies. He observed then interpreted there were visually colliding and linked galactic objects. The red shift of science suggested that although these dust and plasma formations appeared to look like they were connected, they were in theory light years apart. Halton Arp become convinced that red and blueshift was wrong. He wrote a book about it called Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science
In 1967 Arp noted that several of these objects appeared on the list of quasars. In some photographs a quasar is in the foreground of known galaxies, and in others there appeared to be matter bridging the two objects, implying they are very close in space. If they are, and the redshifts were due to Hubble expansion, then both objects should have similar redshifts. The galaxies had much smaller redshifts than the quasars. Arp argued that the redshift was not due to Hubble expansion or physical movement of the objects, but must have a non-cosmological or "intrinsic" origin.
Arp also noted that quasars were not evenly spread over the sky, but tended to be more commonly found in positions of small angular separation from certain galaxies. This being the case, they might be in some way related to the galaxies. Arp's hypothesis is that quasars are local objects ejected from the core of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Nearby galaxies with both strong radio emission and peculiar morphologies, particularly M87 and Centaurus A, appeared to support Arp's hypothesis.
Halton Arp - red shift problem | Wikipedia
High redshift objects, like quasars, are often found in axial alignment with galaxies that possess substantially lower redshift. Indeed, they are sometimes connected to those lower redshift galaxies by “bridges” of luminous material. If so, they must reside locally with each other at the same distance from Earth. Their redshift discrepancies must be from some other factor not related to their distances—there must be something intrinsic to their makeup that leads to the deviation.
The late astronomer Halton Arp assembled a Catalog of Discrepant Redshift Associations in which he describes anomalous structure or physical links among objects with radically different redshifts. Arp thought that the redshift measurement of quasars is composed not of a velocity value alone, but also depends on what he called “intrinsic redshift.” Intrinsic redshift is a property of matter, like mass or charge, and can change over time. According to his theory, when quasars are ejected from a parent galaxy they possess a high intrinsic redshift, z=2 or greater.
As quasars move away from their origins within galactic nuclei, their redshift properties begin to decrease until they reach somewhere near z=0.3. At that point, the quasar resembles a galaxy, albeit a small one. The inertial moment of ejection is eventually overcome and the mass of the quasar increases while the speed of ejection decreases, until it may become a companion galaxy. It is in that way that galaxies form and age, evolving from highly redshifted quasars, to small irregular galaxies, and then into larger barred spirals.
Old and Far Away | Thunderbolts TPOD
Redshift explained by Halton Arp on Sky at Night
Fantastic 20 minute youtube video with Patrick Moore interviewing Halton 'Chip' Arp and discussing the possibility of Doppler effect redshift not being a measurement of distance and velocity, and the observational connections between quasars and galaxies on the Sky at Night TV program.
This is the perfect explanation of what Halton Arp's redshift controversy is all about, from the man himself. Thanks to Thunderbolts Facebook for mentioning the video.
Blues and reds shifts links and articles:
Astronomers find giant black hole in early universe
Gargantuan Black Hole Pulses With The Energy Of A Million Billion Suns
Astronomers find a shockingly ancient black hole the size of 12 billion suns
Halton Arp Intrinsic Red Shift talk - youtube video
Halton Arp articles
Redshift theory and Halton Arp
Halton Arp's Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies
Halton Arp's book Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science
Current EU Understanding of Redshift | Mikamar
Red shifting into older than the Big Bang gear
Astronomers are finding older and older galaxies and getting closer and closer to the Big Bang theory date of origin. What happens when they discover a galaxy older than the established date of the Big Bang theory and the creation of the universe? The reason we are finding these older objects is only due to improvements in equipment, which will only get better.