In some civilisations culture and mythology iron is considered as the metal of heaven, the metal sent down from heaven by the Gods or cosmic forces to planet Earth. A Tutankhamun burial dagger was made from an iron meteorite.
A dagger entombed alongside the mummy of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun was made with iron that came from a meteorite, researchers say. The origin of its unrusted iron blade has baffled scientists because such metalwork was rare in ancient Egypt.
Ancient Egyptians attached great significance to meteoritic iron for the production of fine ornamental or ceremonial objects, the researchers say.
Tutankhamun’s knife was ‘made from meteorite iron’ | BBC
The sky was very important to the ancient Egyptians says Joyce Tyldesley, an Egyptologist at the University of Manchester, UK, and a co-author of the paper. Something that falls from the sky is going to be considered as a gift from the gods.
… nothing is known for certain about the Egyptians’ religious beliefs before the advent of writing. But he points out that later on, during the time of the pharaohs, the gods were believed to have bones made of iron.
Iron in Egyptian relics came from space | Nature
Metal working the star-iron
Iron from meteorites would certainly create and confirm the heaven sent status of the metal.
Iron-working is siderurgy, a word out of ancient Greece and Rome. It translates properly as the working of star-iron. The Greek word for anvil, on which iron was worked, was close to the word for a meteoric stone. The Egyptians called iron the bones of Typhon and a gift from Seth, both names corresponding to bodies crashing into the Earth, devil-monster and devil-god. Meteoritic iron was known to the early dynasties.
The Jews called iron ore nechoshet, which literally means the droppings of the (cosmic) serpent, a nonsensical term unless our interpretation of it is allowed. The Jews forbade the use of iron in chiseling stones for the construction of an altar. A similar taboo was observed in Greek and Roman cults, it was and still is widespread.
The Iron Age of Mars | Alfred de Grazia
Origin of worldwide and similar dated banded ironstone formations?
Banded iron formations (also known as banded ironstone formations or BIFs) are distinctive units of sedimentary rock that are almost always of Precambrian age. A typical banded iron formation consists of repeated, thin layers (a few millimeters to a few centimeters in thickness) of silver to black iron oxides, either magnetite (Fe3O4) or hematite (Fe2O3), alternating with bands of iron-poor shales and cherts, often red in color, of similar thickness, and containing microbands (sub-millimeter) of iron oxides.
Some of the oldest known rock formations (having formed ca 3,700 million years ago), are associated with banded iron formations. Banded iron formations account for more than 60% of global iron reserves, and can be found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, India, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine, and the United States.
Banded iron formation | wikipedia
Iron of the sky
But why would some ancient cultures and religions consider all iron ore to be from the gods? Was it because the iron meteorites they easily found must mean that all iron comes from their gods or from the solar system?
There is no text to demonstrate that early Egyptians were aware of the celestial origin of meteorites, however lexicography studies point to a link between sky and the early term for iron. However, from around the end of the 18th Dynasty, a new term for iron is developed which literally translates as iron from the sky.
Iron from the sky | ironfromthesky.org
our finding provides important insight into the use of the term “iron”, quoted in relationship with the sky in Mesopotamian, Hittite, and Egyptian ancient texts: beside the hieroglyphic “image,” which already existed before the XIX dynasty with a broad meaning (as “mineral, metal, iron”), a new composite term “image,” literally translated as iron of the sky, came into use in the 19th dynasty (13th C. BCE) to describe all types of iron. In the same period, we can note a text at Karnak probably describing a meteorite.
The introduction of the new composite term suggests that the ancient Egyptians, in the wake of other ancient people of the Mediterranean area, were aware that these rare chunks of iron fell from the sky already in the 13th C. BCE, anticipating Western culture by more than two millennia.
The meteoritic origin of Tutankhamun’s iron dagger blade
Iron the metal of heaven
The word bia means in Egyptian metal in general but more specifically iron, or the metal of heaven. Iron seems to have been more sacral than bronze and silver. Its use for some purposes was taboo. It was said that iron was Seth’s bone and that iron came from him. The second of these statements, says Hugh Crosthwaite in his book of KA, may be seen today as an inversion. We prefer to think that the presence of iron attracts Seth.
The place where lightning struck was sacred and might be walled off with a puteal, or curb, such as was built around a well. Rock containing iron would be especially likely to attract the god of the thunderbolt, and this could easily have given rise to the belief that lightning was responsible for the presence of iron ore.
The Word Iron and Myth | The Iron Age of Mars
Why did we have the Bronze Age before the Iron Age? Is it all explained as simply as due to each metals ore recovery temperature?
Could some of our larger iron ore deposits, like the Iron Mountains and Iron Hills all around the world, have come from space? Why we find iron deposits on the surface?
Why do the largest iron meteorites found on the Earths surface not leave impact craters? Or could local material have been transmuted into iron by a god like Seth or Typhon or a cosmic serpents electromagnetic force?
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