Galaxy and stars older than the Big Bang discovered will eventually be the surprising news for scientists, or at least the first of what will be many galaxies too early to have been theoretically formed. Then will the Big Bang date have to be modified and pushed back?
The finding of galaxy z8_GND_5296, 700 million years after the Big Bang, is not because these star creating galaxies are early freaks of nature in the Big Bang story, it is just because our technology is getting better. And astronomy is now down to observed galaxies only 500 million years after the Big Bang, with implied stars being even older, and they are getting to the Cosmic Dawn.
We have only really just begun the technology, imagine how deep into space (how far back) we will be able to see in 100 years time? If you plot a graph for 100 or even 50 years time it will surely have to show pre Big Bank Theory dates/ages for galaxies and other formations.
Galaxy older than the Big Bang will be discovered
the galaxy showed that it formed only 700m years after the big bang, or 13.1bn years ago, making it the oldest and most distant galaxy known ... What surprised astronomers most was the intense rate the galaxy was churning out stars, around 150 times faster than the Milky Way. "We didn't think you could make galaxies with such intense star formation rates in the early universe."
Oldest and most distant galaxy ever discovered was a prolific star factory | The Guardian
As our ability to see further and through things that use to block our view we are 'discovering' older and older galaxies that discredit the Big Bang Theory. And remember it is just a theory, no matter how many times they say the word Big Bang without adding on that all important caveat.
If you are a Christian or believe in a God creator then you will have your reasons for believing and understanding that the Big Bang Theory is very likely wrong.
If you believe in the Electric Universe Theory then you will also find so much evidence that appears to show how flawed modern science is and the belief in the Big Bang idea.
Everything based on it seems to also be wrong until it is modified then it is correct again and then surprisingly proved wrong again and then ...
If you believe in the Big Bang Theory and modern astronomy, geology, science then what will you believe when a galaxy too young for the Big Bang Theory or even older than the Big Bang idea is discovered?
Big Bang banged in less than 10 years time?
And how about one of the very things that 'proves' the Big Bang explanation may be what kills it? Cosmological redshift.
There are those who do not believe in the redshift idea but they may be the very people who could save the day for the Big Bang, or at least, the latest and perhaps last great modification to the theory until the paradigm shift comes along. The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is planned to be launched in October 2018.
The James Webb Space Telescope ... one particular goal involves observing some of the most distant objects in the Universe, beyond the reach of current ground and space based instruments. This includes the very first stars, the epoch of reionization, and the formation of the first galaxies.
James Webb Space Telescope | Wikipedia
And find them it will. And more. And then what or who will you believe?
MIRI can observe in the infrared wavelength range of 5 to 28 microns. Pérez-González said they will use the instrument to observe a section of HUDF in 5.6 microns, which Spitzer is capable of, but that Webb will be able to see objects 250 times fainter and with eight times more spatial resolution ...
NIRCam can observe in the infrared wavelength range of 0.6 to 5 microns. Pérez-González explained they will use it to observe a section of GOODS in the 1.15 micron band, which Hubble is capable of, but that Webb will be able to see objects 50 times fainter and with two times more spatial resolution. They will also use it to observe the 2.8 and 3.6 micron bands. Spitzer is able to do this as well, but Webb will be able to observe objects nearly 100 times fainter and with eight times greater spatial resolution ...
"When you build an observatory with unprecedented capabilities, most probably the most interesting results will not be those that you can expect or predict, but those that no one can imagine," said Pérez-González.
NASA's Webb Telescope to witness galactic infancy
Galaxies and stars getting older and older ...
Below will be some of the latest news about stars and galaxies that were formed younger and younger (closer to the start of the Big Bang).
Astronomers have made the most distant ever detection of oxygen. They observed it in a galaxy of stars that existed just 500 million years after the Big Bang.
But what is really fascinating is that this oxygen can only have been produced in an even older group of stars that would have dispersed it when they died and blew themselves apart. That means we could be witnessing the traces of events that occurred a mere 250 million years after the Big Bang.
"The horizon for this particular object is what we call a Redshift 9.1," explained Richard Ellis, a professor of astrophysics at University College London, UK... That means the Universe has expanded nine to 10 times since the light left this object. We're looking back about 97% of the way to the Big Bang (13.8 billion years ago) when the Universe was only about 500 million years old.
Scientists detect oxygen legacy of first stars | BBC
"This extremely distant, extremely young galaxy has a remarkable chemical maturity to it... It is truly remarkable that ALMA detected an emission line - the fingerprint of a particular element - at such a record-breaking distance."
"The mature stellar population in MACS1149-JD1 implies that stars were forming back to even earlier times, beyond what we can currently see with our telescopes. This has very exciting implications for finding 'cosmic dawn' when the first galaxies emerged... I am sure that the future combination of ALMA and the James Webb Space Telescope will play an even greater role in our exploration of the first generation of stars and galaxies,"
ALMA has set the record for the most distant oxygen several times. In 2016, Akio Inoue at Osaka Sangyo University and his colleagues found the signal of oxygen at 13.1 billion light-years away with ALMA. Several months later, Nicolas Laporte of University College London used ALMA to detect oxygen at 13.2 billion light-years away. Now, the two teams merged into one and achieved this new record. This reflects both the competitive and collaborative nature of forefront of scientific research.
Astronomers find evidence for stars forming just 250 million years after Big Bang | phys.org
The Hubble Space Telescope has spied the most distant galaxy yet. It is so far away that the light from this extremely faint collection of stars, catalogued as GN-z11, has taken some 13.4 billion years to reach us. Or to put that another way - Hubble sees the galaxy as it was just 400 million years after the Big Bang.
"The surprising thing is how bright it is (for what it represents), and it's growing really fast, producing stars at a much faster rate," said the Yale astronomer.
"So, it's challenging some of our models, but it's showing galaxy build-up was well under way early on in the Universe ... GN-z11 has been assigned a redshift of 11.1, putting it some 200 million years closer to the time of the Big Bang.
Hubble sets new cosmic distance record | BBC
New research has revealed 574 massive, ancient galaxies lurking in the night sky, and their existence so close to the time of the Big Bang calls into question scientists' best understanding of how large galaxies form.
The objects are so old that they lack a defined shape; the regular ellipses and spiral galaxies solidified later on in the universe's lifetime.
These Ancient Monster Galaxies Have Scientists Perplexed | Space
Astronomers at the California Institute of Technology have spotted the most distant galaxy ever, which formed less than 600 million years after the Big Bang. The galaxy is named EGS8p7 and is estimated to be more than 13.2 billion years old; the Universe itself is thought to be about 13.8 billion years old.
"We are currently calculating more thoroughly the exact chances of finding this galaxy and seeing this emission from it, and to understand whether we need to revise the timeline of the reionization, which is one of the major key questions to answer in our understanding of the evolution of the universe,"
Further, Older, But Brighter: Puzzled Scientists Discover Earliest Galaxy | Sputnik News
the galaxy is so distant that we see it as it was 13 billion years ago, pushing the boundaries of our view of the early universe.
"While we saw the galaxy as it was 13 billion years ago, it had already built more than 15 percent of the mass of our own Milky Way today," lead study author Pascal Oesch of Yale University said in a statement. "But it had only 670 million years to do so. The universe was still very young then."
Astronomers measure most distant galaxy yet | Stuff NZ