Two recent peer reviewed type articles in Phys.org have seem to suggest its a universe of plasma, magnetic fields and stars born in electromagnetic environments and circuits.
The universe is made up of plasma, which is easily influenced by magnetic fields and forces, leading to complex behavior. Plasmas are found throughout the solar system in places such as the planetary magnetosphere, solar wind and in the tails of comets.
On the road to creating an electrodeless spacecraft propulsion engine | Phys.org
Hannes Alfven (Hannes Alfvén) investigated a universe where the material that made up over 95% of everything observable, plasma, could be what holds and propels the galaxies and everything.
Alfvén was an early supporter of ‘plasma cosmology’, a concept that challenges the big-bang model of the origin of the universe. Those who support the theory of plasma cosmology hold that the universe had no beginning (and has no forseeable end) and that plasma – with its electric and magnetic forces – has done more to organize matter in the universe into star systems and other large observed structures than has the force of gravity.
Hannes Alfvén | Encyclopædia Britannica
Alfvéns ideas were certainly not peer reviewed but did plasma cosmology better explain what was observed visually and by physical experiments?
This article seems to have been written by a plasma lover, excited by some ground or space breaking plasma research. Who happens to be a secret Electric Universe theory fan?
Is there some stuff in that article that is just peer reviewed ‘its theoretical possible, so has to be the answer as there is no other possible explanation’?
astronomers have found tantalizing evidence that large-scale turbulence far from a nascent star can drag magnetic fields around at will. Now, a team of astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has discovered a surprisingly weak and wildly disorganized magnetic field very near a newly emerging protostar. These observations suggest that the impact of magnetic fields on star formation is more complex than previously thought.
… Previous observations with other telescopes found that magnetic fields surrounding some young protostars form a classic “hourglass” shape – a hallmark of a strong magnetic field – that starts near the protostar and extends many light-years into the surrounding cloud of dust and gas. “Before now, we didn’t know if all stars formed in regions that were controlled by strong magnetic fields. Using ALMA, we found our answer,”
… “Our observations show that the importance of the magnetic field in star formation can vary widely from star to star,” concluded Hull. “This protostar seems to have formed in a weakly magnetized environment dominated by turbulence, while previous observations show sources that clearly formed in strongly magnetized environments. Future studies will reveal how common each scenario is.”
Chaotically magnetized cloud is no place to build a star, or is it? | Phys.org
Considering how many plasma stars there are in the universe, with possible minimum double star solar systems, that is a lot of potential for electromagnetic fields, energy, currents, electricity, resistance. discharges, plasma double layers, Birkeland currents and Alfvén waves?
Plasma stars and Plasma Universe
Anthony Peratt has carried on research into plasmas at Los Alamos National Laboratory and on his own site investigates plasma cosmology, with numerous free papers. PDF’s available include:
- Model of the Plasma Universe by H Alfvén published in a IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) volume
- Alfvén Waves and Birkeland Currents
- The Redshift Revisited about the controversial not redshift ideas of Halton Arp, Grote Reber and other scientists or astronomers
Plasma is by far the most common form of matter known. Plasma in the stars and in the tenuous space between them make up over 99% of the visible universe and perhaps most of that which is not visible. On earth we live upon an island of “ordinary” matter. The different states of matter found on earth are solid, liquid, and gas. We have learned to work, play, and rest using these states of matter. Sir William Crookes, an English physicist, identified another, more fundamental, state of matter in 1879. In 1929, Nobel Laureate Irving Langmuir gave this state a name, plasma. He borrowed the term from medical science because the matter with which he worked resembled life itself. It formed cells through bifurcation and often acted in a complicated and unpredictable manner. Plasma is defined as an assemblage of charged particles called electrons and ions that react collectively to forces exerted by electric and magnetic fields.
Given its nature, the plasma state is characterized by a complexity that vastly exceeds that exhibited in the solid, liquid, and gaseous states. Correspondingly, the study of the physical and especially the electrodynamical properties of plasma forms one of the most far ranging and difficult research areas in physics today. From spiral galaxies to controlled fusion, this little-known state of matter, the fundamental state, is proving to be of ever greater significance in explaining the dynamics of the universe and in harnessing the material world for the greatest technological result.
What is a Plasma? | Plasma Universe
Again not reviewed by his older and better peers before publishing but how significant has space plasma, electromagnetic space, dusty plasma been shown in our galactic and universal life?
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