Calendars Megalithic Malta ancient solar observatories

Inclinations of Earth’s changes

The Calendars of Megalithic Malta [temples] by C R Sant. Fine work Sir.

Using pre historic data he investigates in the field of Malta’s and Gozo’s ancient huge stone structures. Heritage Malta suggest they are ancient solar observatories, starting construction a 1000 years before Egyptians Great Pyramid at Giza. But why were the Maltese buildings designed over thousands of years with strangely differing solar alignments?

Sant builds a working model, based on Mnajdra temples, possibly resolving their observatory functions and puzzling anomalies. Are they multiple camera obscura?

Malta Gozo megalithic temple solar observatory

Heritage Malta will put on two early morning visits to the Mnajdra Temples on September 22 and 23. On these days, the rays of the rising sun pass directly through the main doorway, straight down the central axis, and reach the innermost central apse. This phenomenon can also be seen during the spring equinox.

Although there is no definite proof that the temples were used as calendars, the orientation of these megaliths is so systematic that it is widely believed that this was very probable.
Was Mnajdra a calendar? | Times of Malta

He painfully logically has to conclude that these buildings are grouped according to recent large changes of where the Sun should rise on the rocky horizon for autumn equinox (other times of the year are also available).

Sant provides a practical model of pre civilisation camera obscura constructed from huge slab of Maltese limestones, to form ancient solar observatories. Using landscape archaeology he links them and his reputation to important crop sowing timings.

Ggantija North is adjacent to an older calendar, both having nearly same orientation. However the equinox to solstice angle in the later unit is 18deg, as against a previous 23deg in the older one. Reason for building a second unit on same orientation. Date: just after ~3550bce. Ggantija North became suddenly obsolete due to the 3200bce event.
C R Sant| Melita Megalithic

You can view this at the Maltese temples or use your rising sun. And with such logical conclusions from physical observations and practical real life models, that is how you become a heretic.

The heretical Sant has used non geological evidence even including bit of mass human death and catastrophe around the Mediterranean, on his Melita Megalithic and google+

Calendars Megalithic Malta ancient solar observatories

What is great about this mythology and Maltese field investigation is that the author did not start or even intend to discover movements in our globes orientation. He is at pains to make it obvious that he is not one of the mythology crazies like others who should not be mentioned (Immanuel Velikovsky, David Talbott). The problem is the solution to the problem of what archaeology seems to imply.

The Megalithic Temples of Malta (Ġgantija, Ħaġar Qim, Mnajdra, Skorba, Ta’ Ħaġrat and Tarxien) are prehistoric monumental buildings constructed during the 4th millennium BC and the 3rd millennium BC. They rank amongst the earliest free-standing stone buildings in the world and are remarkable for their diversity of form and decoration. Each complex is a unique architectural masterpiece and a witness to an exceptional prehistoric culture renowned for its remarkable architectural, artistic and technological achievements. Each monument is different in plan, articulation and construction technique.
Megalithic Temples of Malta | UNESCO

A Catch 22 summary for the Defence of a sane heretic who has no option but suggest the scientifically peer reviewed and accepted impossible – that Malta’s Temples show physical evidence of being built on different alignments, with a few 100 or 1000’s years of each other.

Evidence for rapid and very recent changes to planet Earth’s orbit, inclination, spinning of tectonic plates, an increasing or decreasing size in the planet. Most theories that can explain the Suns rapid change of an observatories relative position, alignments, inclination to our star are still viable?

Malta’s Temple Obscura

Resolving the functions and anomalies of Malta Megalithic Calendars. This video gives a practical model (for those who have not read his book it may not quite demonstrate how it works with image inversion etc) but the book and his sites explain it better.

How do they work? How can you measure the Sun’s journey across our skies? Especially when its speed across the horizon, between each sunrise, varies and can also virtually appear to stop around the autumn equinox.

The horse show apse shape of the ‘temple’ chambers are the clue. C R Sant shows how important even the sides of the apses are, they were used to measure the faster progress of the Sun.

My point of view and calendars review

Having lived on the islands of Malta and Gozo for years, explored the islands history, prehistory, cart ruts, the lie of the land for the temples (Ħaġar Qim, Mnajdra etc), Sant’s observations appear to be feasible. Malta’s temple builders must have known the mathematics of their constructions before they started on the various phases of solar temple building over thousands of years. Why do they not all work with the modern trajectory of our Sun?

The alignment and construction of groups of these ‘temples’ do not make sense when trying to correlate them to our modern solar system. I have not done Sant’s onsite measurements and calculations but his basic theories seem good.

Compass readings at various of these free standing megalith constructions seem initially to confuse matters, when interpreting data through uniformitarianism cosmology. Because in a Newton solar system the planets orbits and obliquities have not rapidly and significantly changed within Homo sapiens time on Earth. Our planets geology is a slow mechanical process, the obliquity of our plasma star should only naturally vary slightly over millennia.

The Calendars of Megalithic Malta C R Sant

Obviously, at the moment, all of accepted astronomy, geology, chronology theory and their interpretations have to say Sant’s conclusions and evidence is wrong. But over time the strangest and Nicest of things can happen.

How could our planets physical properties change so quickly? Perhaps through scenarios such as a geomagnetic jerk, a Worlds in Collision encounter, an Electric Universe planetary or cometary interaction, plasma mythology based events, the Reversing tippe toppe Earth of Peter Warlow, and lots of other alternative mechanisms and processes.

And in a sign of the Times (of Malta), whilst there was even a convention held to confirm the heresay of Immanuel Velikovsky, Sant’s wont even have a controversy named after him. In a solar system of mainstream migrating planets and jumping gas giants, Sant’s interpretations has legs.

Still crazy after all these years

The joy of catastrophe comparative mythology, plasma based planetary disasters, ancient folklore and history is that you can interpret the same information and come up with a different cosmologies. When did our Nice migrating planets last dance the Fandango?

ancient Egyptian solar observatory alignments

It is believed that the axis of the Abu Simbel temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that on October 22 and February 22, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, a god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. People gather at Abu Simbel to witness this remarkable sight, on October 21 and February 21.

These dates are allegedly the king’s birthday and coronation day, respectively. There is no direct evidence to support this. It is logical to assume, however, that these dates had some relation to a great event, such as the jubilee celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the pharaoh’s rule. In fact, according to calculations made on the basis of the heliacal rising of the star Sirius (Sothis) and inscriptions found by archaeologists, this date must have been October 22. This image of the king was enhanced and revitalized by the energy of the solar star, and the deified Ramesses the Great could take his place next to Amun Ra and Ra-Horakhty.

Due to the displacement of the temple and/or the accumulated drift of the Tropic of Cancer during the past 3,280 years, it is widely believed that each of these two events has moved one day closer to the Solstice, so they would be occurring on October 22 and February 20 (60 days before and 60 days after the Solstice, respectively).
Solar alignment – Abu Simbel temples | Wikipedia

Researching an ancient statuette, and the myth that was found to explain it, it turned out this was all mainly agrarian science presented in metaphor. Agriculture in Mediterranean latitudes is very dependent on season. For the cereals, the staple crop, only one growing season is allowed. Therefore getting the sowing time right was a primary concern. It still is. Thus a good solar year calendar was a valuable asset and necessity. Since Statuette and megalithic structure were an integral thing, research revealed the design of the megalithic structure to be an accurate and efficient solar calendar.

However two main anomalies became evident. The first obvious one was related to alignment. Unknown geological events had taken place, which contradict the established view on plate tectonics (see micro-plate rotations). The second concerns Earth dynamics. The evidence in the design hint strongly to abrupt changes in the Earth axial tilt, in contradiction to established thinking. Both anomalies had been perceived by others before, however there is now incontrovertible evidence.
Melita Megalithic | C R Sant

Mnajdra temples to solar observatories?

Malta’s Temple builders may have built the Mnajdra complex as a solar observatory, with possible benefits or cultural attachments coming later or part of it. There is no evidence to suggest they were designed as worshipping temples first and foremost. This is our modern interpretation before they were considered to be perhaps observation complexes.

Landscape archaeology solar observatory

Mnajdra is found in an isolated position on a rugged stretch of Malta’s southern coast overlooking the isle of Fifla. It is some 500m away from Ħaġar Qim Temples. It consists of three buildings facing a common oval forecourt. The first and oldest structure dates to the Ġgantija phase (3600 – 3200 BC). The second structure to be built was the South Temple, constructed in the early Tarxien phase (3150 – 2500 BC). The Central Temple, inserted between the other two, was the last to be built. Remains to the north-east and south of these buildings indicate that these three structures are only the best preserved of a larger complex.

Opposite the main entrance is the doorway to the second set of apses flanked by two large blocks decorated with small drilled holes. This doorway and the decorated blocks mark the position of the rising sun on the first day of spring and autumn (the Equinoxes) and the first day of summer and winter (the Solstices).
Mnajdra Temples | Heritage Malta

On the day of the summer solstice in June, the rays fall on the edge of a megalith to the left of the central doorway connecting the first pair of chambers to the inner chambers while during the winter solstice in December the same effect can be seen on the corresponding megalith on the right hand side of this doorway.

Although there is no definite proof that the temples were used as calendars, the orientation of these megaliths is so systematic that it is widely believed that this was very probable.
Was Mnajdra a calendar? | Times of Malta

The Mnajdra Prehistoric Temples lie along the southern coast of Malta amidst the blue waters of the central Mediterranean. Built between 3600 and 2500 B.C., these hard limestone temples are thought to be amongst the oldest surviving free-standing structures in the world. The ruins at Mnajdra are grouped into three sanctuaries, each composed of several conjoined buildings arranged in the shape of a figure eight. One of the three temple complexes faces east and functions as a solar observatory: on the spring and autumnal equinoxes, the sun shines through the series of nested chambers to illuminate the altar.

A thousand years before ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid at Giza, the Neolithic inhabitants of Malta laid the stones of the Mnajdra Prehistoric Temples, making them perhaps the world’s earliest free-standing structures still extant. By studying these monuments, architectural engineers have gained insight into the first methods of megalithic construction in the western hemisphere.

The southern temple, which is illuminated during the spring and fall equinoxes, also constitutes one of the earliest known solar observatories. Because the people who inhabited Malta during the Neolithic period left few traces of their domestic culture, the temples provide crucial information about their religious practices. Images and statues of a heavy female figure at other Maltese sites indicate the primary worship of a fertility goddess. Mnajdra and other Neolithic sites on the island of Malta were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992.
Mnajdra Prehistoric Temples | World Monuments Fund

Mnajdra sits tucked in a hollow in the cliffs on Malta’s southern coast. The site is probably the most atmospheric of all of Malta’s temples, as it lies in an isolated position on a rugged stretch of coast overlooking the isle of Filfla.

Mnajdra is a complex site consisting of three temples overlooking an oval forecourt. The first and oldest temple dates back to 3600-3200 BC, while the most impressive of the temples is the third, constructed between 3150-2500 BC. This temple is perhaps the finest surviving on the Islands. The masonry here shows intricate knowledge of building techniques and excellent workmanship. The middle temple was the last to be built and was inserted between the other two, set at a higher level. The Lower Temple has a particular astronomical alignment and at the Equinox, (the 20th March and the 22nd September), the rays of the sun pass strategically through specific areas of the temple.
Mnajdra Temples | Visit Malta