Nebular hypothesis: radiation or excitation

Particles in electromagnetic fields can be energised and transformed. When particles, such as electrons, are excited then energy is radiated in various forms.

The excitation of electrochemical elements can be seen in xrays, synchrotron radiation and other electromagnetic frequencies.

Instead of dusty plasmas being compressed by the mysterious forces of unknown gravity and radiating heat, could the electric energy be the result of transformation?

This article really helps to explain the thermal dynamics of the Nebular hypothesis - the formation of galaxies, solar system and planetary cosmology. By interpretating the data using a different theory, the seemingly absurd high temperatures and pressures can be viewed in a different electrical plasma perspective.

Electromagnetic nebular hypothesis

It's relatively easy for galaxies to make stars. Start out with a bunch of random blobs of gas and dust. Typically those blobs will be pretty warm. To turn them into stars, you have to cool them off. By dumping all their heat in the form of radiation, they can compress. Dump more heat, compress more. Repeat for a million years or so.

Eventually pieces of the gas cloud shrink and shrink, compressing themselves into a tight little knots. If the densities inside those knots get high enough, they trigger nuclear fusion and voila: stars are born. When we observe massive galaxies, we see enormous amounts of X-ray radiation blasting away from their cores. This radiation naturally carries away heat. This radiation naturally cools down the galaxies, especially in their cores. So, the gas in the core should be compressing and shrinking in volume. The surrounding material should take notice and fall in down behind it, funneling itself into the core.

And not just a little bit: as much as thousand solar masses per year ought to be collapsing into the cores of the most massive galaxies as they cool, cool, cool. This enormous cooling and compressing should, by all rights, trigger massive amounts of star formation. After all, you have exactly the right conditions: lots of stuff cooled down into tiny little pockets.

So in these galaxies with loads of X-ray output, we ought to be seeing tons of new stars popping out. We don't. That's a problem ...
New research reveals how galaxies stay hot and bothered |

Nebular dusty plasma model

Sometimes, if the mix of strong magnetic forces are just right, streams of gas can wheel around the black hole, barely avoiding oblivion beneath the event horizon, wind and swirl around, eventually blasting out of the region in the form of a long, thin jet. This jet carries a lot of energy. Enough energy to heat up the entire core of the galaxy, preventing further cooling. If that's not good enough, the extreme radiation emitted by the intense hot gas ...

Galaxies are living, breathing creatures, with massive engines of gravity driving their hearts, and intertwined flows of gas shaped by powerful – and sometimes exotic – forces.
New research reveals how galaxies stay hot and bothered |