Europa’s hot and cold currents

Jupiter’s moon Europa appears to have a surprising cold area located on its north hemisphere.

NRAO astronomer Bryan Butler and Caltech researchers Samantha Trumbo and Michael Brown compared the new ALMA observations of Europa to a thermal model based on observations from NASA’s Galileo spacecraft. This comparison allowed the team to analyze the temperature changes in the data and construct the first-ever global map of Europa’s thermal characteristics. “These ALMA images are really interesting because they provide the first global map of Europa’s thermal emission,” Dr. Trumbo said.

The new data can be interpreted as an enigmatic cold spot on Europa’s northern hemisphere.
Astronomers Create Global Thermal Maps of Jupiter’s Moon Europa | Sci News

The research might be based on thermal models based on models that have successfully predicted practically nothing we have found on extraterrestrial objects but, again, it shows how science keeps finding things you would expect to observe on plasma planets, in an electric plasma based solar system and universe.

And at least they might have got the beginning and end of the announcement below correct.

Europa also has a comparatively young surface, only about 20 to 180 million years old, indicating that there are as-yet-unidentified thermal or geologic processes at work.
Astronomers Create Global Thermal Maps of Jupiter’s Moon Europa | Sci News

Europa as a relatively newly formed or newly captured moon of Jupiter agrees with the ideas of comparative mythology combined with Immanuel Velikovsky, Thunderbolts and others.

Europa’s hot and cold electric currents?

Europa as a new moon, electric Europa and geology? The scientific theory of a sea under the surface of Europa would mean salt water which would be electrically conductive and storage.

Using bolometric albedos extrapolated from Voyager measurements, a homogenous model reproduces these patterns well, but localized discrepancies exist. These discrepancies can be largely explained by spatial inhomogeneity of the surface thermal properties. Thus, we use the four ALMA images to create maps of the surface thermal inertia and emissivity at our ALMA wavelength. From these maps, we identify a region of either particularly high thermal inertia or low emissivity near 90° west and 23° north, which appears anomalously cold in two of our images.
ALMA Thermal Observations of Europa


Hot, cold terms are all relative, it is energy and potential differences which naturally create flows of power, feedback loops, systems and components in electromagnetic planetary systems and galaxies.

From just looking at the two images of Europa with the cold spots, without knowing the mathemagic and orientation, seem to show in both that they have cold or physically different localised zones in opposite locations. Similar to magnetic polar regions on other planets like Earth, Mars, Saturn’s north pole hexagon, Jupiter, Neptune.

If these cold patches are real then will Europa’s potentially different electrical energy zones be linked to Jupiter’s natural electromagnetic circuits and its magnetosphere ?