Ancient and Royal Norfolk’s missing history

Who are ya! Who are ya! Ancient and Royal Norfolk is missing most of it’s history?

The Norfolk dialect may be as broad as it’s history but like its pronunciation, old Norfolk is missing a lot of physical evidence they even existed.

The county loved by ancient civilisations, it was suggested that some these may have helped build early Stonehenge earthworks and white chalkworks. Those ruling the old Royal county of Norfolk also appreciating the magic of chalk streams, from whoever the Anglo-Saxons were, including King Edmund the Martyr, the patron Saint from the Kings of the East Angles, up to the present day British Monarch’s residence at Sandringham. As the King of Norfolk and East Anglia what would you build to rule your Kingdom from?

Now for pre and protohistory. For an area so important as East Anglia was in this period, Norfolk has only a few visible structures of dates earlier than the Middle Ages. The evidence of man in Anglia as a whole is slender indeed prior to the coming of the first ice sheets of the Pleistocene.
Norfolk – Buildings of England | Nikolaus Pevsner

Ancient and Royal Norfolk county missing history

The Northfolk have seen varying geological and religious ‘episcopate’ landscapes through the centuries, millennia and up to a million years. Including Popish practices in and on the puzzling multitude of round tower flint churches, with even the location of the unique Saxon cathedral remains at North Elmham. Built by Norfolk flint, chalk, sand, lime mortar and the hard toil of all those missing ancestors.

Yet the first millennium AD for East Anglians and Norfolk is relatively non existent in old documents or historical records. Why are the North folk especially missing a proportional number of historic landscape structures and buildings?

Evidence for early Anglo-Saxon settlement is really limited to the cremation cemeteries at such sites as Castle Acre, Pensthorpe, and the large cemetery outside Caistor St Edmund. For the latter part of the early Saxon period (c.650-850) the best we have for a settlement plan is the scatter of huts within the ruins of Roman Caister-by-Yarmouth [Caister-On-Sea], and round and rectangular houses at Sedgeford.

In 865 the Great Army landed on the East Anglian coast, attacked York, and ravaged Mercia. Wintering at Thetford, they probably established the earliest widespread occupation on the site. Despite the indisputable historical facts, however, there is little or no tangible evidence for the Danish settlement to A.D. 920.

Finally, concerning Anglo-Saxon church architecture, there are really only two facts in need of recording here: the only survival in England of a Saxon cathedral, and the problem of the Norfolk round towers.
Norfolk – Buildings of England | Nikolaus Pevsner

Structures were built but when, by who, who modified them, why did the East Angles supposedly not build any other permanent structures yet decided these monsters of manual work were the priority?

Windmill Hill people culture and Warham Camp Norfolk

The quotes here are from Nikolaus Pevsner in the 1960’s. Whilst more has been discovered since then, anything of the early Saxons and the Angles is always surprising.

King and Saint Edmund the Martyr and a religious Norman sculpture

The amount of years that man has been on the soils of East Anglia is now going back nearly one million years. Footprints in delicate clay somehow frozen instantly in time but destroyed the moment we view them. Who are you? When exactly in our history timelines were you?

Norfolk’s square and round flint history

Norfolk is famous for having built lots of square and round towers, mostly with flint churches attached to or around them. Why is there a mystery about who constructed the earlier dated towers?

In size Norfolk is fourth among English counties. Prodigious number of parishes and a parish churches built before the C19. Norfolk has 607 ecclesiastical parishes (696 civic ones) and more than 650 pre-Victorian parish churches, not including nearly 100 ruined ones or any of those of which we know but which have completely disappeared, or any of the more than fifty monastic houses which survive in more or less conspicuous ruins or which are recorded to have existed. No other county in England compete with these figures.

Many of today’s ruined churches were already ruinous when a survey was made in 1602, a proof of a greater need before than after the Reformation. The need before the Reformation reflects Norfolk’s golden age, the great age of sheep-rearing and clothmaking, stimulated by the arrival of many Flemish weavers under Edward III.
Norfolk – Buildings of England | Nikolaus Pevsner

Ancient and Royal Norfolk’s missing history

Now for pre and protohistory. For an area so important as East Anglia was in this period, Norfolk has only a few visible structures of dates earlier than the Middle Ages. The evidence of man in Anglia as a whole is slender indeed prior to the coming of the first ice sheets of the Pleistocene; the vast flakes of yellow-stained flint which perhaps accompanied the flora and fauna of the Cromer Forest Beds, deposited in the delta of a great northward-flowing river, are by no means certainly the work of man.

… About 8000 B.C., the ice sheets have retreated, the climate became comparatively mild. At this time Anglia was joined to the Continent by a series of fens [Doggerland] which must have looked rather as the Broads do today.
Norfolk – Buildings of England | Nikolaus Pevsner

Norfolk broad in history?

Iron Age forts, not hill forts and circular enclosures, what else is buried beneath the farmers fields or has been adapted over the years?

Iron Age forts in England and Norfolk's Thetford Castle Hill

Thetford Castle: This Iron Age fortress appears to have been built to control the fords which carry the ancient Icknield Way over the Little Ouse valley at this point. Indeed, these crossings appear to have given Thetford its name – from the Old English Theod-ford, people’s ford.

Before the Norman re-used these earthworks, they may have provided the defences of the winter base for the great army of Danes which occupied Thetford in the autumn of 869, to which the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle refers.

Unknown to the English, the Danes, and the Normans, a treasure-hoard lay buried on Gallow’s Hill to the north of the town near a Romano-Celtic altar site. It was here that in 1979 the Thetford Treasure was discovered by a free-lance metal detectorist. This very rich hoard dates from the second half of the fourth century and includes gold and silver bracelets, necklaces, pendants, and rings, many of which are bejewelled with precious stones. Also found were 33 silver spoons, many of which bear inscriptions to the woodland fertility god Faunus.

Just to the north of the buried tresure, also on Gallow’s Hill, was an important Late Iron Age Iceni religious site. The outline crop-markings of this great rectangular sanctuary were discovered by chance from the air by archaeologist Bob Carr in 1980. Excavations in 1981 showed that during the time of the famous Iceni queen Boudicca, it was enclosed by ditches, banks, and up to nine rows of closely spaced oak uprights, perhaps with branches still on them. This created what one archaeologist described as an artificial oak grove (for more on this fascinating site, see Tony Gregory, Excavations in Thetford, 1980-1982, Fison Way, Vol.1, East Anglian Archaeology Report No.53 [Norfolk Museums Service 1991]).
Thetford: Ancient Earthworks and Buried Treasure | Wuffings’ Website

In it’s longest evidence and chronology of human occupation on the islands of Great Britain, apart from the Norfolk Broads and the debated flint churches, there is not much else created using manmade materials.

Those Windmill Hill people and culture constructed the white multi circled chalk and earthworks such as the impressive Warhamp Camp. As blinding bright white above with synchrotron radiation, so below in plasmodial white geoglyphs?