A few not recorded cultural events over a long time, the odd year here and there, and they could add up to 1 decade or more. What do you do when new folklore evidence suggests you have a King or event that could not have existed, as your history already has dates with a different story or even worse a similar mythology?
Who becomes the mythical King, Caesar or Pharaoh? Which of their wars for archaeologists and then us, could not exist in stratigraphy dating methods?
The timeline of history is not set in stone. Even Pompeii’s long accepted destruction date by an eye witness might be in doubt. For England and especially East Anglia there is even justified doubt of some of the accepted chronology from Roman Britain’s 1st millennium to the late Anglo-Saxon Age.
Perhaps this explains the number of doubles of similar episodes including legendary warrior kings across civilizations that are different in cultures, area and when they were recorded to have lived and died.
A savagely revised chronology of the 1st millennium?
The idea that a few years could be wrong in recorded history is sometimes initially hard to comprehend. Immanuel Velikovsky’s few decades and centuries in his chronology revision just seems absurd until you start to look into the evidence or lack of written evidence.
Gunnar Heinsohn‘s version of a New Chronology is even more radical and heretical than nearly everyone else. Heinsohn revisionist chronology removes nearly a whole 1000 years, the first millennium AD.
You can read the English translation by Anne-Marie de Grazia.
Gunnar Heinsohn’s RAVENNA AND CHRONOLOGY is a 100 page, abridged English version of his 550-page German manuscript WIE LANGE WÄHRTE DAS ERSTE JAHRTAUSEND? (How long did the First Millennium last?)
# Can Ravenna, ‘Capital of Late Antiquity’, make up for Rome’s missing archaeology between the 230s and 930s AD?
# Ravenna’s assumed first collapse in the 3rd century, later followed by the collapses of the 6th and 10th century.
# Artificial extensions of Late Antiquity’s chronology through the multiple use of identical historical sequences.
I asked Gunnar Heinsohn if we may end up having to go back behind Michael Psellos (ca. 1018-1078 AD) and start A.D. history all over again? His answer was YES. It may seem frightening, he added, to have to abandon nearly 1,000 years of historiography dealing with the first millennium AD.
Gunnar Heinsohn: Ravenna and Chronology | Quantavolution Magazine
How long did the first millennium last? How much shorter or longer should other periods also be?
Heinsohn’s methodology involves respect for stratigraphy and scepticism about ‘dark ages’ posited in contradiction to stratigraphic evidence. He has applied it to evidence from the Iron Age to Neanderthal Man, with a resulting compression of time which makes even a Velikovskian reel: the transition from Bronze to Iron Age occurs around -600, from Neolithic to Bronze around -1000, from Neanderthal to Modern Man around -2000.
His only ‘dark ages’ are the breaks in strata indicating evidence of catastrophic events: incineration, flood strata, clay, loess, climate change. Stratigraphy is thus the key to both the elimination of spurious centuries from conventional historiography and the identification of the global discontinuities associated with human artefacts.
The bad news for Velikovskians is that even the chronology of the Ages in Chaos series is revealed as ignorant of stratigraphy and hence still overextended.
Gunnar Heinsohn | Velikovsky Encyclopedia
Theodosius the Great and Theodoric the Great
The problem with academic research such as Gunnar Heinsohn, Immanuel Velikovsky, is that some of it is such acquired interdisciplinary knowledge that is very difficult to quickly check. You obviously must try and do some fact checking but what and how much?
Synchronicity means in the last few days I have just started to look at Roman gold coins and especially their imagery. Coinage could be interpreted as displaying plasma mythology symbols and archetypes, some geometric shapes and patterns also drawn and carved into rocks as petroglyphs around the world.
In the Quantavolution Magazine article Heinsohn mentions his research and interpretation of two leaders from Roman times, Theodosius the Great (347 – 395 AD) and Theodoric the Great (454 – 526 AD),
Flavius Theodosius was Roman Emperor from 379 to 395 AD and seems to have been involved with the First Council of Constantinople in 381 AD that amended but confirmed the Christianity religion of the Nicene Creed. Can not be any doubt about that?
Theodosius I, byname Theodosius the Great, in full Flavius Theodosius, (born January 11, 347 ce, Cauca, Gallaecia – died January 17, 395 AD, Mediolanum, Roman emperor of the East (379–392 AD) and then sole emperor of both East and West (392–395 AD), who, in vigorous suppression of paganism and Arianism, established the creed of the Council of Nicaea (325 AD) as the universal norm for Christian orthodoxy and directed the convening of the second general council at Constantinople (381 AD) to clarify the formula.
Theodosius I – Roman emperor | Encyclopædia Britannica
Flavius Theodosius, King of the Ostrogoths who conquered and became King of Italy. No doubt about that also?
Theodoric, Late Latin Theodoricus, Theodoric The Great, (born AD 454 – died Aug. 30, 526, Ravenna), King of the Ostrogoths (from 471), who invaded Italy in 488 and completed the conquest of virtually the entire peninsula and Sicily by 493, making himself king of Italy (493–526) and establishing his capital at Ravenna. In German and Icelandic legend, he is the prototype of Dietrich von Bern (q.v.).
Theodoric The Great – King of Italy | Encyclopædia Britannica
The death of Theodosius I in 395 was followed by the division of the empire between his two sons. The Western Roman Empire disintegrated into a mosaic of warring Germanic kingdoms in the 5th century, making the Eastern Roman Empire in Constantinople the legal successor to the classical Roman Empire.
After Greek replaced Latin as the official language of the Empire, historians refer to the empire as Byzantine. Westerners would gradually begin to refer to it as Greek rather than Roman. The inhabitants, however, always called themselves Romaioi, or Romans.
Byzantine Empire – Early Middle Ages
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