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Dusty plasma cosmogony: falsified Nebular hypothesis

The modern version of the Nebular theory, how dusty plasma material forms planets and stars in the solar nebular disk model, has failed to predict and explain the solar system of star 49 Ceti.

Dusty Plasma Cosmogonies

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) found a young star surrounded by an astonishing mass of gas. The star, called 49 Ceti, is 40 million years old and conventional theories of planet formation predict that the gas should have disappeared by that age.

The enigmatically large amount of gas requests a reconsideration of our current understanding of planet formation.
Massive gas disk raises questions about planet formation theory | Science Daily

At this moment, before the necessary modifications but never the abandonment of the Nebular hypothesis, has this peer reviewed mechanism been falsified?

Dusty Plasma Cosmogonies

falsified solar nebular disk model

Recent advances in radio telescopes have yielded a surprise in this field. Astronomers have found that several debris disk still possess some amount of gas… and that gave us the second surprise. The carbon gas around 49 Ceti turned out to be 10 times more abundant than our previous estimation. The amount of carbon atoms is so large that the team even detected faint radio waves from a rarer form of carbon, 13C.
Massive gas disk raises questions about planet formation theory | Science Daily

First Detection of Submillimeter-wave [13C i] 3 P 1–3 P 0 Emission in a Gaseous Debris Disk of 49 Ceti with ALMA

Electromagnetic Z pinch of plasma filaments, with plasmoid torus dust, rings? Most of the Sun’s observed rocky material appears to be roughly on our ecliptic, the Asteroid belt is supposedly a toroidal formation.

Good nebular theory predictions and explanations or falsified?

There are no theoretical models to explain how so much gas could have persisted for so long… The other possibility is that the gas was released by the collisions of small bodies like comets. But the number of collisions needed to explain the large amount of gas around 49 Ceti is too large to be accommodated in current theories.

The present ALMA results prompt a reconsideration of the planet formation models.
Massive gas disk raises questions about planet formation theory | Science Daily

falsified Nebular Hypothesis theory

In 2018 previous astrophysical research of ALMA had detected a falsifying planetary system around the electromagnetic plasma star of CI Tau.

electric stars Sun

Planet formation models tend to focus on being able to make the types of planets that have been observed already, so new discoveries don’t necessarily fit the models, said Clarke. Saturn mass planets are supposed to form by first accumulating a solid core and then pulling in a layer of gas on top, but these processes are supposed to be very slow at large distances from the star.

Most models will struggle to make planets of this mass at this distance.
Giant planets around young star raise questions about how planets form | University of Cambridge

Magnetic Universe plasma stars Sun

Dust, chemical elements being transmuted by non nuclear and possibly zero thermal transfer processes. Some plasma based cosmologies allow for repeating CME’s, novas and micronovas producing prodigous amounts of matter. An electric stars cosmic dust environment not due to age, as the Big Bang theory may have just discovered.

Catalogue of Circumstellar Disks 49 Ceti | JPL

Comet collisions at 49 CETI (from 2012)

Early in their history, stars are surrounded by a cloud of dust and gas. Although the dust may persist, the gas is usually lost fairly quickly (within a few million years). That isn’t the case for the star 49 CETI, which still has an extremely gassy orbit some forty million years after its formation. Cosmologists were at a loss to explain why all that gas was still in orbit around the star. Recently, Benjamin Zuckerman from the University of California, Los Angeles and Inseok Song from the University of Georgia came up with the solution. It seems that the gas is constantly being replenished from comet collisions.

In our solar system, there’s a disk of space known as the Kuiper Belt that begins just past the orbit of Neptune. This region of space is home to at least 70,000 objects, including the dwarf planet Pluto. Astronomers say that the total mass of these objects, currently one tenth that of the Earth, was once 400 times larger. Remember that our solar system is over a hundred times older than 49 CETI. If 49 CETI has its own, much younger, version of the Kuiper Belt, that band of comets could be far larger than ours. This is exactly what Zuckerman and Inseok found.

In fact, according to the researchers, there are hundreds of trillions of comets circling 49 CETI, so many that two of them collide about every six seconds. This constant barrage releases a steady stream of carbon monoxide into the surrounding space—enough to keep the orbit of 49 CETI well supplied with gas.
Comet collisions at 49 CETI

A cosmic mystery around the star named 49 CETI has puzzled astronomers nearly two decades, but it may finally be solved. At 40 million years old, the star is quite ancient, and yet it’s surrounded by a tremendous amount of gas — a signature feature of young stars that usually fades within 10 million years, scientist say.

Zuckerman and his colleagues calculated that these comets crash into each other around 49 CETI about every six seconds. What’s more, they estimate this has been going on for a long time.

I was absolutely amazed when we calculated this rapid rate, Zuckerman. I would not have dreamt it in a million years. We think these collisions have been occurring for 10 million years or so.
49 CETI: Ancient Star Continually ‘Rejuvenated’ By Comet Collisions, Study Suggests