Standard theory predicts that comets are ice mountains and contain water, which sublimates (evaporates) from the surface or inside the comet and comes out through deep fissures. The Electric Universe theory predicts they are made of rock with no water core or ice in them.
So if comets are not made of water or ice then what is creating the water signatures found coming off the comets from the jets and in their coma tails?
And when comets are found to be formed of only rock and no water will this be evidence for the Electric Universe theory? And if the comet water source is found to be due to electromagnetic/plasma activity as predicted by the EU theory? Would this also explain the mystery of comet 67p and why the jets producing the water appear when so far away from the suns heat?
The water signature found from comets is very likely due to the reaction of the solar wind (plasma) with the electromagnetic activity on the comet. This is similar to the water found on the moons surface. It seems that the moons surface water (ice) has come from the Suns solar wind (plasma) interacting with the moon.
Solar wind – lunar surface interactions may further play a role in the accumulation of hydrogen and water on the moon’s surface
SOLAR WIND SPUTTERING OF LUNAR SOIL ANALOGS: THE EFFECT OF IONIC CHARGE AND MASS (pdf)
The comet jets found on their surfaces, that move and increase and decrease, are said to be due to the release of sublimated water from within the comet. The EU theory suggests that these comet jets are actually plasma activity and part of the electric spark erosion of its surface. The action and reaction creates the water signature but is not due to water from within the comet itself.
Comet 67P jets and water
The jets on comet 67P for example are found around the neck between the two end sections. Spark erosion takes place in the form of vertical cathode jets and is mostly found where the surface is most ionised or sharply pointed landforms or different chemical composition. It would seem that comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko has a different chemical composition for the rock in its neck area, the reason why it is being eroded there and why the jets are found there.
The cathode jets strip and ionise atoms of oxygen from minerals on the comet and accelerates the negative ions away in a fine jet. The oxygen ions then combine with the protons in the solar wind to form the hydroxyl radical OH, which is mistakenly assumed to be evidence of an ultra violet breakdown product of water molecules from the comet.
Elements formed through Electric Universe processes?
The Rosetta spacecraft has discovered molecular oxygen in the cloud of gas surrounding the comet it is tracking. The discovery has come as a complete surprise to scientists who thought that oxygen would have reacted with other elements as planets were forming. The results indicate that current ideas about how our Solar System formed may be wrong. The study has been published in the journal, Nature.
Researchers used Rosetta’s Rosina instrument to “sniff” the atmosphere around Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, as the probe trailed the icy body over a six-month period. They found that free oxygen was the fourth most common gas around the comet, after water vapour, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
One of the scientists involved, Professor Kathrin Altwegg of Bern University said that the scientists involved in the study thought the result was a mistake when they first saw the data.
“When we first saw it, we went a little bit into denial because it is not what you would expect to find on a comet,” she said. That is because oxygen reacts very easily with other elements to form compounds, rather than stay in its unique form. The researchers suggest that oxygen must have been frozen very quickly and became trapped in clumps of material early on in the formation of the Solar System. “It was the most surprising discovery we have made so far (about the comet),” said Prof Altwegg. “The big question was how it got there”.
Many current theories of how the planets and comets formed around the Sun suggest a violent process that would have heated up the frozen oxygen – which would then have reacted with other elements. The suggestion is that the Solar System formation must have been an altogether quieter affair.
“If we have O2 at the beginning of the formation of the comet, how did it survive so long?” said the study’s author Andre Bieler, from the University of Michigan. “All the models say it shouldn’t survive for so long, which tells us something about the building of our Solar System – it has to be very gentle to build these ice grains, it seems it is a pretty pristine material still.
“Now we have evidence that this significant part of this comet has in fact survived the formation of our Solar System.”
Surprise discovery suggests ‘gentle’ start for Solar System
The composition of the neutral gas comas of most comets is dominated by H2O, CO and CO2, typically comprising as much as 95 per cent of the total gas density1. In addition, cometary comas have been found to contain a rich array of other molecules, including sulfuric compounds and complex hydrocarbons. Molecular oxygen (O2), however, despite its detection on other icy bodies such as the moons of Jupiter and Saturn2, 3, has remained undetected in cometary comas. Here we report in situ measurement of O2 in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko, with local abundances ranging from one per cent to ten per cent relative to H2O and with a mean value of 3.80 ± 0.85 per cent. Our observations indicate that the O2/H2O ratio is isotropic in the coma and does not change systematically with heliocentric distance. This suggests that primordial O2 was incorporated into the nucleus during the comet’s formation, which is unexpected given the low upper limits from remote sensing observations4. Current Solar System formation models do not predict conditions that would allow this to occur.
Abundant molecular oxygen in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko
“We weren’t really expecting to detect O2 at the comet – and in such high abundance – because it is so chemically reactive, so it was quite a surprise,”
… “It’s also unanticipated because there aren’t very many examples of the detection of interstellar O2. And thus, even though it must have been incorporated into the comet during its formation, this is not so easily explained by current Solar System formation models.”
… The amount of molecular oxygen detected showed a strong relationship to the amount of water measured at any given time, suggesting that their origin on the nucleus and release mechanism are linked. By contrast, the amount of O2 seen was poorly correlated with carbon monoxide and molecular nitrogen, even though they have a similar volatility to O2. In addition, no ozone was detected.
… In more detail, the O2/H2O ratio was seen to decrease for high H2O abundances, an observation that might be influenced by surface water ice produced in the observed daily sublimation–condensation process.
… “The instantaneous generation of O2 also seems unlikely, as that should lead to variable O2 ratios under different illumination conditions. Instead, it seems more likely that primordial O2 was somehow incorporated into the comet’s ices during its formation, and is being released with the water vapour today.”
First detection of molecular oxygen at a comet | European Space Agency
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