What will NASA’s Dawn spacecraft observe on the surface of the dwarf planet Ceres?
Will it be as mainstream science and geology predict or will it be as the Electric Universe theory predicts? Or will it be completely different to both?
Science generally seems to predict the Ceres surface with dust, ice and minerals.
The EU theory seems to predict a rocky surface with many features similar to other rocky bodies found in our Solar System.
What is interesting about the EU theory predictions is that it was spot on for comets as active asteroids (not dirty snowballs) but its ideas on how planets formed (planet birthing) is so radical that the surface of Ceres could be anything, although rocky is the way to go.
It is the internal structure of Ceres where it may get very interesting between the EU and science.
Ceres surface - science predictions
Ceres appears to be differentiated into a rocky core and icy mantle, and may harbor an internal ocean of liquid water under its surface. The surface is probably a mixture of water ice and various hydrated minerals such as carbonates and clay. In January 2014, emissions of water vapor were detected from several regions of Ceres. This was somewhat unexpected, as large bodies in the asteroid belt do not typically emit vapor, a hallmark of comets.
Ceres (dwarf planet) | wikipedia
The surface composition of Ceres is broadly similar to that of C-type asteroids. Some differences do exist. The ubiquitous features of the Cererian IR spectra are those of hydrated materials, which indicate the presence of significant amounts of water in the interior. Other possible surface constituents include iron-rich clay minerals (cronstedtite) and carbonate minerals (dolomite and siderite), which are common minerals in carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. The spectral features of carbonates and clay minerals are usually absent in the spectra of other C-type asteroids. Sometimes Ceres is classified as a G-type asteroid.
The Cererian surface is relatively warm. The maximum temperature with the Sun overhead was estimated from measurements to be 235 K (about −38 °C, −36 °F) on 5 May 1991.
Only a few Cererian surface features have been unambiguously detected. High-resolution ultraviolet Hubble Space Telescope images taken in 1995 showed a dark spot on its surface, which was nicknamed "Piazzi" in honor of the discoverer of Ceres. This was thought to be a crater. Later near-infrared images with a higher resolution taken over a whole rotation with the Keck telescope using adaptive optics showed several bright and dark features moving with Ceres's rotation. Two dark features had circular shapes and are presumably craters; one of them was observed to have a bright central region, whereas another was identified as the "Piazzi" feature. More recent visible-light Hubble Space Telescope images of a full rotation taken in 2003 and 2004 showed 11 recognizable surface features, the natures of which are currently unknown. One of these features corresponds to the "Piazzi" feature observed earlier.
Ceres (dwarf planet) - Physical characteristics - Surface | wikipedia
Ceres has a density of 2.09 grams per cubic centimeter, leading scientists to conclude approximately a quarter of its weight is water. This would give the dwarf planet more fresh water than Earth contains.
With temperature highs of minus 38 degrees C (minus 37 F), water at the surface of Ceres would sublimate, potentially creating a thin atmosphere. Signs of possible sublimation were observed at the dwarf planet's north pole in the early 1990s, but were ambiguous and have not been seen again.
Instead, scientists think that water-ice serves as the mantle of the dwarf planet. The thin, dusty crust is thought to be composed of rock, while a rocky inner core lies at the center. Spectral observations of Ceres from Earth reveals that the surface contains iron-rich clays. Signs of carbonates have similarly been found, making Ceres one of the only bodies in the solar system known to contain these minerals, the other two being Earth and Mars. Formed by a process that involves heat and water, carbonates are considered good potential indicators of habitability.
Ceres: The Smallest and Closest Dwarf Planet | Space
By observing the asteroid during a full rotation, astronomers confirmed that Ceres has a nearly round body like Earth's. Ceres' shape suggests that its interior is layered like those of terrestrial planets such as Earth. Ceres may have a rocky inner core, an icy mantle, and a thin, dusty outer crust inferred from its density and rotation rate.
The bright spot that appears in each image is a mystery. It is brighter than its surroundings. Yet it is still very dark, reflecting only a small portion of the sunlight that shines on it.
Images of the Asteroid Ceres As It Rotates One Quarter | Solarviews
Ceres - EU theory prediction
Thunderbolts TPOD suggests that:
We predict that when Dawn attains orbit around Ceres and begins its close range observations, there will be similar structures. Large clean craters, rilles, a lack of explosive debris, flat-floored canyons, and sharp ridges. Ceres will most likely look like its cousins, Tethys and Dione.
Ceres Ahead | thunderbolts
From a personal note you would suggest that Ceres will have similar features to other rocky round bodies such as moons and other planets.
How could it have similar features to asteroids, comets, moons and other planets?
The reason is that solar bodies geology features are suggested by the Electric Universe theory to be created by plasma discharge events like EDM.
So dwarf planets, non active and active asteroids (comets), moons and planets have similar features (despite massive differences in material) because the same electrical processes effected them.
Links to new Ceres articles on its geology
Using data primarily from NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, SOFIA, a team of astronomers has detected the presence of substantial amounts of material on the surface of Ceres that appear to be fragments of other asteroids containing mostly rocky silicates. These observations are contrary to the currently accepted surface composition classification of Ceres as a carbon-rich body, suggesting that it is cloaked by material that partially disguises its real makeup.
Don’t Judge an Asteroid by its Cover: Mid-infrared Data from SOFIA Shows Ceres’ True Composition | SOFIA
Dawn enters new orbit closer to Ceres - looks similar to other cratered moons.