Ralph Juergens

Ralph Juergens electric sun cathode anodeRalph Juergens suggested that the Sun and stars might be electrically powered, which the Electric Universe theory (EU theory) has now developed further.

This has led to the Electric Sun model (Electric Stars) and also debate or conjecture if it is an Anode Electric Sun or Cathode Electric Sun, basically are stars cathodes or anodes in an Electric Universe? With the missing solar neutrinos also a hotly debated and controversial subject.

The SAFIRE Project is now scientifically investigating the Electric Sun theory.

Ralph Juergens biographies

The modern astrophysical concept that ascribes the sun’s energy to thermonuclear reactions deep in the solar interior is contradicted by nearly every observable aspect of the sun. The known characteristics of the interplanetary medium suggest not only that the sun and the planets are electrically charged, but that the sun itself is the focus of a cosmic electric discharge – the probable source of all its radiant energy.

As I pursued the phenomenology of electric discharges, it gradually dawned on me that, structurally, the atmosphere of the sun bears a striking resemblance to the low-pressure type of electric discharge known as the glow discharge
Ralph Juergens quotes

Ralph Juergens electric sun cathode anode model stars diagram

Ralph E. Juergens (6 May 1924 – 2 November 1979) is notable for his contributions documenting the so-called “Velikovsky Affair”, with co-authors Alfred de Grazia and Livio Stecchini. He subsequently developed of a hypothesis in which the Sun and stars are electrically powered, contrary to the standard view that the Sun powered by nuclear fusion. While the “Electric Sun” hypothesis has received unfavourable review, it has become a core component of the non-mainstream Electric Universe hypothesis.
Ralph Juergens | velikovsky.info

In August 1972 Ralph Juergens introduced the concept of the electrically powered Sun. He was inspired by Immanuel Velikovsky’s contention that electromagnetic forces played a crucial role in sculpting the surfaces and shaping the orbits of the bodies of the solar system; by Melvin Cook’s attempts to unify the electromagnetic and gravitational fields; and by the voluminous literature of Charles Bruce intimating that the phenomena observed in stellar atmospheres could be described adequately by an electrical discharge model.

Juergens, however, went farther than all of his preceptors in electrifying both the cosmic bodies and their interactions. He perceived the astronomical bodies as inherently charged objects immersed in a universe which could be described as an electrified fabric. The charges appearing locally on cosmic bodies, he posited, arose from the separation of positive ions and electrons on a galactic scale. Later, he discussed both the problems arising if the solar interior is truly the source of stellar energy (1g) and the nature of the phenomena observed as the solar photosphere. The two papers cited in notes and were the last he published about the electrical Sun before his untimely death in November of 1979.
Electric Discharge as the Source of Solar Radiant Energy (Part I) | kronos press

Ralph Juergens electric sun cathode anode model stars

Ralph Juergens’ first referred to Electric Stars in his 1972 paper:

“.. it is interesting to note that the calculated energy density of cosmic rays in our galaxy is comparable to the total energy density of electromagnetic radiation, including starlight. This is what one would expect to be the case if electric stars were responsible.”

Earl R. Milton appears to be the first person to use the term “Electric Sun” in the context of Juergen’s model. He writes:

“As I visualize the electric Sun, the cosmic space within which the Solar System is embedded possesses a net negative charge per unit relative to the Sun’s charge per unit. As the Sun “burns”, it acquires increasing negative charge. The Sun’s radiative lifetime will extend until the solar charge density equals that of its galactic surroundings.”
“Electric Star” and “Electric Sun” phrases – Electric Sun Model | velikovsky.info

Ralph Juergens electric sun cathode anode model stars

Earl R. Milton recalled Juergens’ concept of an “electric” sun

In August 1972 Ralph Juergens introduced the concept of the electrically powered Sun. He was inspired by Immanuel Velikovsky’s contention that electromagnetic forces played a crucial role in sculpting the surfaces and shaping the orbits of the bodies of the solar system; by Melvin Cook’s attempts to unify the electromagnetic and gravitational fields; and by the voluminous literature of Charles Bruce intimating that the phenomena observed in stellar atmospheres could be described adequately by an electrical discharge model.

Juergens, however, went farther than all of his preceptors in electrifying both the cosmic bodies and their interactions. He perceived the astronomical bodies as inherently charged objects immersed in a universe which could be described as an electrified fabric. The charges appearing locally on cosmic bodies, he posited, arose from the separation of positive ions and electrons on a galactic scale.(1f) Later, he discussed both the problems arising if the solar interior is truly the source of stellar energy and the nature of the phenomena observed as the solar photosphere.(1h) The two papers cited in notes and were the last he published about the electrical Sun before his untimely death in November of 1979.
“Electric Star” and “Electric Sun” phrases – Electric Sun Model (velikovsky)

Ralph Juergens electric sun cathode anode model stars

Alfred de Grazia reports that Velikovsky never accepted Juergens’ theory, because the thermonuclear theory seemed sound to him. de Grazia writes that he:

“asked Velikovsky, more than once, whether he could accept Juergens’ theory, he would reply with a definite negative. He adhered to internal thermo-nuclear fusion as the secret of the Sun’s radiation”.

The publishers of Pensée note:

“In this issue we feature a paper by Ralph Juergens, whose theses represent a pioneering effort to bring electromagnetic considerations to bear upon celestial mechanics, and thereby to illuminate the physical side of the events described in Worlds in Collision. While Velikovsky urges discussions of this sort, he does not, of course, feel that final answers have been found, and retains reservations about Juergens’ conclusions.”
Velikovsky’s views – Electric Sun Model | velikovsky.info

The Electric Star model was inspired by Birkeland (1908), while Bruce (1944) was the first to say that the Sun was primarily an EM phenomenon, and Juergens (1979) went on to say that the primary source of energy in the Sun is an electric current between the Sun and the rest of the heliosphere.

The evidence that Juergens was on the right track is accumulating, though it appears that he had the polarity backwards. This we can determine simply on the basis of the gross physical characteristics of electrostatic discharges.
Critique of Ralph Juergens’ Electric Star Model

Today’s orthodox thermonuclear model fails to explain many observed solar phenomena. The Electric Sun model is inherently predictive of most if not all these observed phenomena. It is relatively simple. It is self-consistent. And it does not require the existence of mysterious entities such as the unseen solar ‘dynamo’ genie that lurks somewhere beneath the surface of the fusion model and serves as a fall-back explanation for all observations that are inconvenient for the accepted fusion model.

Ralph Juergens had the genius to develop the Electric Sun model back in the 1970’s. He based it on the work of others who went before him. His hypothesis, and modern extensions of it have so far passed the harsh tests of observed reality. This seminal work may eventually get the recognition it deserves. Or, of course, others may try to claim it, or parts of it, and hope the world forgets who came up with these ideas first.

There is now enough inescapable evidence that a majority of the phenomena we observe on the Sun are fundamentally electrical in nature. Ralph Juergens had the vision to recognize that.
The Electric Sun Hypothesis | electric-cosmos

More than 60 years ago, Dr. Charles E. R. Bruce, of the Electrical Research Association in England, offered a new perspective on the Sun. An electrical researcher, astronomer, and expert on the effects of lightning, Bruce proposed in 1944 that the Sun’s “photosphere has the appearance, the temperature and the spectrum of an electric arc; it has arc characteristics because it is an electric arc, or a large number of arcs in parallel.” This discharge characteristic, he claimed, “accounts for the observed granulation of the solar surface.” Bruce’s model, however, was based on a conventional understanding of atmospheric lightning, allowing him to envision the “electric” Sun without reference to external electric fields.

Years later, a brilliant engineer, Ralph Juergens, inspired by Bruce’s work, added a revolutionary possibility. In a series of articles beginning in 1972, Juergens suggested that the Sun is not an electrically isolated body in space, but the most positively charged object in the solar system, the center of a radial electric field. This field, he said, lies within a larger galactic field. With this hypothesis, Juergens became the first to make the theoretical leap to an external power source of the Sun.

Juergens proposed that the Sun is the focus of a “coronal glow discharge” fed by galactic currents.
The Electric Glow of the Sun | thunderbolts TPOD

Plasma physicists argue that stars are formed by an electromagnetic “pinch” effect on widely dispersed gas and dust. The “pinch” is created by the magnetic force between parallel current filaments that are part of the huge electric currents flowing inside a galaxy. It is far more effective than gravity in concentrating matter and, unlike gravity, it can remove excess angular momentum that tends to prevent collapse. Stars will form like beads on a wire until gravity takes over. The late Ralph Juergens, an engineer from Flagstaff, Arizona, in the 1970’s took the next mental leap to suggest that the electrical input doesn’t stop there and that stars are not thermonuclear engines! This is obvious when the Sun is looked at from an electrical discharge perspective. The galactic currents that create the stars persist to power them. Stars behave as electrodes in a galactic glow discharge. Bright stars like our Sun are great concentrated balls of lightning! The matter inside stars becomes positively charged as electrons drift toward the surface. The resulting internal electrostatic forces prevent stars from collapsing gravitationally and occasionally cause them to “give birth” by electrical fissioning to form companion stars and gas giant planets. Sudden brightening, or a nova outburst marks such an event. That elucidates why stars commonly have partners and why most of the giant planets so far detected closely orbit their parent star. Stellar evolution theory and the age of stars is an elaborate fiction. The appearance of a star is determined largely by its electrical environment and can change suddenly. Plasma physicists and electrical engineers are best able to recognize plasma discharge phenomena. Stellar physics is in the wrong hands.
Electric Stars | holoscience

An important outsider was the late Ralph E. Juergens, an engineer and a pioneer of the electrical model of stars who was inspired by Bruce. Because of the tunnel vision of the consensus view, he was forced to publish his ideas in obscure journals in the early 1970s. His model is a shining example of commonsense and simplicity when compared with the infernally complex and improbable thermonuclear paradigm. Yet such is the inertia of institutionalized science and its hostility toward interlopers that Juergens’ insight was in danger of being lost following his untimely death in 1979.

… Juergens went to great pains to explain the complex and exquisitely tuned control mechanism of the solar discharge. His insights are of paramount importance for an understanding of the Sun
Twinkle, twinkle electric star | holoscience

The exception is the work of a remarkable engineer from Flagstaff Arizona, the late Ralph Juergens. In his model, stars simply form a positive electrode (anode) in a galactic glow discharge. The Sun and all stars are lit up by the electrical energy that shapes and flows along the arms of the galaxy. The Sun is a giant ball of lightning! This surprisingly simple model fits all of the observations about our Sun and forms one of the key ideas in the Electric Universe. A star’s size, brightness and color are then largely determined by its electrical environment. That explains the puzzling lack of neutrinos expected from nuclear reactions in the Sun’s core, and how some stars are able to vary their output far more quickly than the thermonuclear model allows.

In the last few years a new class of faint stars has been discovered. They are called L-Type Brown Dwarfs because the element lithium appears in their spectra. They are the most numerous stellar objects in the galaxy and bridge the gap between stars and Jupiter-sized planets. They are too small to be shining from internal thermonuclear power. A further puzzle is that they radiate blue and ultraviolet light even though they are cool at a temperature around 950K. Water molecules dominate their spectra.

All of these puzzles are simply explained by an electric star. There is no lower limit to the size of a body that can accept electric power from the galaxy so the temperatures of smaller dwarfs will range down to levels conducive to life. The light of a red star is due to the distended anode glow of an electrically low-stressed star. The blue and ultraviolet light come from a low-energy corona. (Our Sun’s more compact red anode glow is seen briefly as the chromosphere during total solar eclipses. And the Sun is electrically stressed to the extent that bright anode “tufting” covers its surface with granulations and the corona emits higher energy ultraviolet light and x-rays as relativistic electrons strike it).
Other stars, other worlds, other life? | holoscience

Ralph E. Juergens electrical powered Sun articles:

Stellar Thermonuclear Energy: A False Trail?
The Photosphere: Is It the Top or the Bottom of the Phenomenon We Call the Sun?
Electric Discharge as the Source of Solar Radiant Energy (Part 1)
Electric Discharge as the Source of Solar Radiant Energy (Part 2)

  • Altamente interessante mesmo, se for verdade, e parece que é, explicaria vários enigmas indecifrados da física. É uma revolução.