Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science book by Halton Arp challenges the idea of redshift, constant mass and in essence the Big Bang theory. This is a scientific book, not the easiest of reads.
This book is not written from the Electric Universe theory point of view but red shift is one of the main EU theory rallying points against peer reviewed Gravity cosmology and astronomy.
Arp's proposals of transforming new mass are explained a bit more from an EU theory perspective.
Halton Arp is the main who created the Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies.
During the 1950s bright radio sources, now known as quasars, had been discovered that did not appear to have an optical counterpart. In 1960 one of these sources, 3C 48, was found to be associated with what appeared to be a small blue star. When the spectrum of the star was measured, it contained unidentifiable spectral lines that defied all attempts at explanation; John Gatenby Bolton's suggestion that these were highly redshifted sources was not widely accepted. In 1963 Maarten Schmidt found a visible companion to the quasar 3C 273. Using the Hale telescope, Schmidt found the same odd spectra, but was able to demonstrate that it could be explained as the spectrum of hydrogen, shifted by a very large 15.8% If this was due to the physical motion of the "star", it would represent a speed of 47,000 km/s, far beyond the speed of any known star and defying an obvious explanation.
Schmidt noted that redshift is also associated with the expansion of the universe, as codified in Hubble's law. If the measured redshift was due to expansion, then the object in question would have to be very far away, and therefore have an extraordinarily high luminosity, equally beyond any object seen to date. This extreme luminosity would also explain the large radio signal. Schmidt concluded quasars are very distant, very luminous objects. Schmidt's explanation for the high redshift was not universally accepted at the time.
Quasars and redshifts - Halton Arp | Wikipedia
Independent review of Halton Arp's Seeing Red book
Not a positive book review. But peer reviewed logic will never accept Arp's interpretation and conclusions.
As Halton 'Chip' Arp is at pains to point out throughout this book, the scientific community has long since made its mind up about the 'evidence' he provides for non-cosmological redshifts. He is right. Reviewing this book therefore becomes an exercise in futility as nothing I write in this review is likely to change anyone's views on the subject matter contained in Seeing Red.
The book purports to demonstrate how the established astronomical community has repeatedly ignored the incontrovertible evidence for non-cosmological redshifts, quantised redshifts, and the like, presented over the years by Arp and his colleagues. Arp paints himself and his colleagues as "wronged" visionaries fighting against a blinkered community which refuses to accept the glaringly obvious.
... Perhaps if the book had contained a modicum of statistical rigour, been somewhat less antagonistic towards individual scientists, less self-indulgent, or even discussed (and dismissed) one piece of the overwhelming evidence for cosmological redshifts, then I might have been more receptive. Unfortunately it didn't and I wasn't.
Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science | Astronomy Mall book review
Buy Arp's Seeing Red book from Amazon.