Why were the ancient people so interested in the orbits, paths of the planets in the skies? Those tiny dots that slowly moved?
Could they and how would they observe and measure the motions of their gods through the heavens?
Why such reverence, fear and worship of the God/planet Jupiter?
Marduk, the great god of the Babylonians, was the planet Jupiter; so was Amon of the Egyptians; Zeus of the Greeks was the same planet; Jupiter of the Romans, as the name shows, was again the same planet. Why was this planet chosen as the most exalted deity?
In Greece it was called all-highest, mighty Zeus, in Rome Jupiter Optimus, Maximus; in Babylon it was known as the greatest of the stars; as Ahuramazda it was called by Darius the greatest of the gods; In India Shiva was described as the great ruler and considered the mightiest of all the gods; he was said to be as brilliant as the sun.
Everywhere Jupiter was regarded as the greatest deity, greater than the sun, moon, and other planets.
The Worship of Jupiter - In The Beginning | Immanuel Velikovsky Archive
Why such interest and effort to know the future orbital path of the Sun and planets when they do not change from their projected paths apart from natural wanderings?
For 55 consecutive nights Mediterranean skies were at least partly clear this summer, from the 1st of July to the 24th of August 2018. An exposure from each night was incorporated in this composited image to follow bright planet Saturn as it wandered through the generous evening skies. Through August, the outer planet's seasonal apparent retrograde motion slowed and drifted to the right.
55 Nights with Saturn | Astronomy Picture of the Day
- Babylonian astronomers geometry
- The British Druids archaeoastronomy, horizon astronomy, landscape astronomy of all its wood henges and stone circles and henges
- Analemma's in Britain and Europe
- Ancient Greeks in technology and mythology
- Many other examples
Unless the planet orbits were known to change, as suggested by ancient mythology with all their tales of God planets (God Kings) moving and fighting in the heavens.
Research shows that the Ancient Babylonians were using geometrical calculations to track Jupiter across the night sky ... Prof Ossendrijver examined five Babylonian tablets that were excavated in the 19th Century, and which are now held in the British Museum's archives. The script reveals that they were using four-sided shapes, called trapezoids, to calculate when Jupiter would appear in the night sky, and also the speed and distance that it travelled.
This figure - a rectangle with a slanted top - describes how the velocity of a planet, which is Jupiter, changes with time. We have a figure where one axis, the horizontal side, represents time, and the other axis, the vertical side, represents velocity. The area of trapezoid gives you the distance travelled by Jupiter along its orbit.
Ancient Babylonians 'first to use geometry'
Ancient Babylonian astronomers developed many important concepts that are still in use, including the division of the sky into 360 degrees. They could also predict the positions of the planets using arithmetic.
Ossendrijver translated several Babylonian cuneiform tablets from 350 to 50 BCE and found that they contain a sophisticated calculation of the position of Jupiter. The method relies on determining the area of a trapezium under a graph.
Ancient Babylonian astronomers calculated Jupiter’s position from the area under a time-velocity graph
The article Ancient Astronomy, Science And The Ancient Greeks seems to be a good account to read more about ancient astronomy.
Babylonian God planets in Collision
Marduk is associated with the planet Jupiter. He is often referred to as Bel (or “lord”). The story of Marduk’s birth, life, and ascent to leadership over all other gods in southern Mesopotamia is told in the Babylonian creation myth, Enuma Elish. In Enuma Elish, Marduk is said to have ascended to great power after he was chosen to lead the Annunaki gods in a cosmic civil war.
10 Facts About the Ancient God Marduk | jrmi.org
Not only ancient Babylonian gods and planet Gods in collision - as suggested by ancient mythology around the world with similar stories - but also by Immanuel Velikovsky in his Worlds in Collision book - that inspired the combination of comparative mythology and Electric Universe theory to create the Thunderbolts EU theory of the Saturn Polar Configuration as well as other planet and solar systems in collision such as the Ackerman Scenario, God King Scenario, Juno Cook's Saturnian Cosmology, and others.
Were the ancient civilsations so interested and concerned about planets paths because any change in the orbit of a planet - such as Jupiter, Saturn, Mars - could mean that the planet God would go to electromagnetic war with the other God planets in our solar system and with the human race?