Author Topic: Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex  (Read 14611 times)

electrobleme

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Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex
« on: May 29, 2012, 22:05:26 »
Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex

The Glastonbury Tor is part of a Solar Observatory Complex with the Tor itself used as the marker or reference point for the procession of the sun across the Somerset and England horizon and skies, when viewed from hills and landmarks around it.



When looking at the Glastonbury Tor from Chalice Hill and Wearyall Hill the rising sun will appear at various points along the side and top of Glastonbury Tor. Depending on when during the year and where viewed from you can mark special days of the year, such as the equinox, summer and winter solstice.




The Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex (the Tor and the surrounding observation stations) is built similar to other ancient Solar Observatories found around the world - the famous Chankillo Solar Observatory (Casma, Ancash, Peru) and the recently discovered and perhaps very ancient Malta Solar Observatory Complex.


Solar Observatory Complex - Malta (left) and Chankillo Peru (right)

The reason I was able to discover that Glastonbury Tor is part of its own Solar Obvervation Complex and the Glastonbury Tor itself is a marker hill is due to the other ancient Solar Observatories. Viewing the Glastonbury Tor on Google Earth and photos of the Tor it struck me how similar it was to Chankillo and the Malta one ...




If it was similar then it needed hills/stations around it to observe the procession of the sun through the sky (depending on how big the marker Tor is and how close the observatories are as the sun moves backwards and forwards along the horizon).

Malta has a few hills/stations, Chankillo has at least two. For Glastonbury Tor the mysterious Chalice Hill was where it should be and would explain its creation. When visiting Glastonbury Tor I noticed Wearyall Hill was another perfect observation point and the local Vicar confirmed it!

There might be others in the area that I did not have time to find and just now when looking for the name of Wearyall Hill I came across more astronomical information about Windmill Hill (St Edmund's Hill).

More on that later :)


Malta Solar Observatory (near Dingli)








* Malta Solar Observatory Complex (forum posts and summary of investigation)
* Introduction article and start of investigation into Malta's Solar Observatory Complex at Mtahleb
* Images of the Malta Solar Observatory (near Dingli Cliffs) and the 13 towers of Chankillo, Peru.



Chankillo Peru Solar Observatory







*Chankillo Solar Observatory, Peru - The Thirteen Towers: Peruvian Citadel is Site of Earliest Ancient Solar Observatory in the Americas (University of Leicester)
*Chankillo Solar Observatory, Peru - Scientists determine ancient Peruvian citadel was earliest solar observatory in the Americas (Yale)


One of the questions about ancient cultures that is a puzzle, is why was the tracking of the sun and planets so important? Why do ancient calendars have different length of days?
« Last Edit: May 29, 2012, 23:38:07 by electrobleme »

electrobleme

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Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex links and articles
« Reply #1 on: May 29, 2012, 22:08:26 »
Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex links and articles

Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex links to posts and information will appear here

Glastonbury Tor Solar Observation Complex - layout

Malta
* Images of the Malta Solar Observatory (near Dingli Cliffs) and the 13 towers of Chankillo, Peru.
* Malta Solar Observatory Complex (forum posts)
* Malta Solar Observatory Complex introduction and investigation


*Chankillo Solar Observatory, Peru - The Thirteen Towers: Peruvian Citadel is Site of Earliest Ancient Solar Observatory in the Americas (University of Leicester)
*Chankillo Solar Observatory, Peru - Scientists determine ancient Peruvian citadel was earliest solar observatory in the Americas (Yale)
« Last Edit: June 03, 2012, 02:59:55 by electrobleme »

electrobleme

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Glastonbury Tor Solar Observation Complex
« Reply #2 on: June 03, 2012, 02:56:55 »

Glastonbury Tor Solar Observation Complex

The Glastonbury Tor Solar Observation Complex is designed to allow observers to follow the sunrise across the horizon. As the rising sun moves backwards and forwards across the horizon and on the side and top of Glastonbury Tor you can watch this happen from various observation points (mounds, tors and hills).

Depending on the time of the year you will use a specific observation point. You may be able to watch and mark the same event (equinox, winter solstice etc) from a couple of observation points, to confirm that the most important times of the year has occurred.



Watching the sunrise procession through the sky from the same solar observation point (images above could show this from Chalice Hill)



Basic layout of the Glastonbury Tor Sun Observatory Complex (those found at the moment include Chalice Hill, Wearyall Hill and St Edmunds Hill also known as Windmill Hill mound) showing a rough idea of the sunrise path as it moves along the horizon



Google Earth Map showing location of the observation points and Glastonbury Tor


Windmill Hill (St Edmunds Hill) mound



This image shows the winter solstice sunrise beside Glastonbury Tor from Windmill Hill (St Edmunds Hill) mound.

The site British Mysteries has recorded the above image and has more info on it. They suggest that a variation of archeoastronomy double sunset (double sunrise) would have occurred using the North flank of Glastonbury Tor back in the day. This will still be observed but not as intended on the Winter Solstice day.



Wearyall Hill (Weary All Hill)



Wearyall Hill (Weary All Hill) is also used to observe the sunrise over Glastonbury Tor. In this image you can see that happening.

The question is were Glastonbury Tor constructed in its location because of Wearyall Hill, was Wearyall Hill constructed in its location because of Glastonbury Tor, were both constructed or was it just a natural fluke that you can observe the sunrise in this manner.

The shape of Glastonbury Tor when viewed from Wearyall Hill allows the sunrise to be seen in notches and levels on Glastonbury Tor. When you view Glastonbury Tor from the south it can lose those distinct features.







kevin

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Re: Glastonbury Tor Solar Observatory Complex
« Reply #3 on: June 18, 2012, 19:13:09 »
Electrobleme,
As ever great posts.
Check out the opening ceromony of the olympics relative to glastonbury tor.
Kevin