Electric Universe forum - Everything Is Electric

gEUlogy - the geology of the earth in an Electric Universe => Malta => Topic started by: electrobleme on September 11, 2010, 20:44:58

Title: Xemxija - St Paul's Bay - Malta
Post by: electrobleme on September 11, 2010, 20:44:58
Xemxija - St Paul's Bay - Malta

The geology of the St Paul's Bay Malta area is interesting from an Electric Universe geology aspect (gEUlogy). The Xemxija area, the ridge leading from or to it and especially its rolling hill top where Xemxija is has interesting gEUlogy and ancient Maltese, Roman and Phoenician history.

Below you will find some of the gEUlogy and natural history of the area and especially Xemxija

Xemxija Roman Apiaries (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1467#msg1467)
Punic tombs and troglodyte caves (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1468#msg1468)
Xemxija neolthic tombs or energy tanks? (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1475#msg1475)
Xemxija bronze age tombs - 1 and 2 (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1476#msg1476)
Xemxija rock cut tombs 6 and 7 (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1477#msg1477)
Xemxija Roman road to Manikata and Golden Bay (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1644#msg1644)
Roman road - manikata to Xemxija Roman baths (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1650#msg1650)
Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) Malta (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=316.msg1651#msg1651)

There is a great youtube video of Xemxija (http://youtu.be/Vv_bF2Y3n_0) Roman aparies, Punic tombs, neolithic tombs, cart ruts and roman road. It also includes a map near the start to show you where these are located.

Title: Xemxija apiaries - Roman and Phoenician
Post by: electrobleme on September 11, 2010, 21:43:12
Xemxija apiaries - Roman and Phoenician

Xemxija is famous for its ancient apiaries that are said to be both Roman and Phoenician.  Some of these were also used as burial places in the past. The Xemxija rolling hill top is also famous for its ancient tombs both Punic (Phoenician) and the "Bronze Age".

Xemxija apiary 1

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-apiary-st-pauls-bay-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-apiary-st-pauls-bay.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-apiary-xemxija-malta-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-apiary-xemxija-malta.jpg)
Xemxija apiary - Roman and Phoenician?

The main Xemxija apiary is the largest of the ancient Roman and Phoenician apiaries that are very close together. It is not the best atmospheric Xemxija apiary though as the one hidden behind the Carob tree feels less "touristy".

The main Xemxija apiary has benches and a fine view over Saint Pauls Bay and the valley up to Golden Bay.

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/apiary-xemxija-romans-phoenicians-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/apiary-xemxija-romans-phoenicians.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-phoenicians-apiculture-technology-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-phoenicians-apiculture-technology.jpg)
Xemxija apiary at St Paul's Bay, Malta - ancient bee house technology

Inside this Roman apiary or Phoenician apiary the holes that the bees entered can be seen through these largish angled bays.

Xemxija apiary 2

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/punic-roman-apiaries-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/punic-roman-apiaries-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-industrial-buildings-apiary-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-industrial-buildings-apiary-xemxija.jpg)
Punic or Roman apiaries at Xemxija Malta - Roman industrial buildings

The 2nd Xemxija apiary is perhaps the best tucked away behind the ancient Carob tree. It is in a small area and is of a different design to the main Xemxija apiary. So was this ancient bee yard built and used by the Romans or Phoenician? It is said that this particular Xemxija apiary was also used as a burial place.

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-migbha-bee-houses-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-migbha-bee-houses.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ancient-apiculture-roman-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ancient-apiculture-roman-xemxija.jpg)
inside the 2nd Xemxija apiary - an ancient apiculture (Roman or Phoenician?)

the inside the 2nd Xemxija apiary or il-migbha (Maltese for apairy or bee houses) has a different structure to the larger main Xemxija apiary. The inside of the ancient apiary is constructed of smaller arches/cupboards. Was this apiary rebuilt to adapt to burials or was it built or used to reflect the different cultures ancient apiaries design?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/il-migbha-apiary-malta-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/il-migbha-apiary-malta.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/burial-caves-malta-roman-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/burial-caves-malta-roman.jpg)
il-migbha (apiary) malta located near this burial cave in Xemxija Malta

You can find the 2nd Xemxija apiary located behind the ancient Carob tree (suggested to be over 1000 years old). You can find it by walking up a few steps (partly hidden by the ancient Carob tree) to the left of the Burial cave and then go left behind the wall.

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/carob-tree-malta-apiary-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/carob-tree-malta-apiary-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ancient-beekeeping-apiculture-apiary-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ancient-beekeeping-apiculture-apiary.jpg)
ancient Malta Carob tree and bee keeping apiculture located at the Xemxija apiaries

Xemxija apiary 3

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-apiary-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-apiary.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-roman-apiary-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-roman-apiary.jpg)
Xemxija apiary - St Pauls Bay Malta

There appears to be a 3rd Xemxija apiary located in the cliff/field to the left of the 2nd Xemxija apiary. It is perhaps a modern construction or a very different type of apiary (il-migbha). Was this constructed by different ancient apiarists or is it just a more modern building? Perhaps a storage cave although its outside appears to be for the purpose of an apiary

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/maltas-ancient-apiculture-buildings-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/maltas-ancient-apiculture-buildings.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-apiaries-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-apiaries.jpg)
Maltas ancient apiculture buildings - Xemxija apiaries (St Pauls Bay)

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ancient-historic-apiculture-beehives-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ancient-historic-apiculture-beehives.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/apis-mellifera-ruttneri-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/apis-mellifera-ruttneri.jpg)
ancient (or modern?) apiculture - beehives for the apis mellifera ruttneri

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/maltese-honey-bee-malta-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/maltese-honey-bee-malta.jpg)
maltese honey bee (apis mellifera ruttneri) at the Xemxija apiaries

Location of the Xemxija apiaries - St Paul's Bay

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-apiary-location-directions-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-apiary-location-directions.jpg)
Location of the Xemxija apiaries - St Paul's Bay

The location of the Xemxija apiaries is found on Xemxija hill at St Paul's Bay Malta. It is easy to find - and is found from a turn off on the roundabout at the top of Xemxija hill where the modern looking church is.

If you are coming from Mellieha then drive along the Mistra valley road in the St Pauls Bay direction. At the top of the Xemxija roundabout (with the church on your left) turn right and just follow the road along until it turns sharply downwards to the left. At this corner there is a sign for the "Archaeological Site" which includes the Xemxija apiaries and the punic and bronze age tombs

If you are driving from south then go to and past St Pauls Bay, climb the Xemxija hill until you get to the Xemxija roundabout (church on your right). turn left and and just follow the road along until it turns sharply downwards to the left. At this corner there is a sign for the "Archaeological Site" which includes the Xemxija apiaries and the punic and bronze age tombs

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-apiarists-xemxija-punico-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/roman-apiarists-xemxija-punico.jpg)
mini tree growing from a tree at the Xemxija apiaries

Xemxija apiaries - links and quotes

Apiculture has given Malta a number of structures reserved for bee breeding activity. The Migbha as this edifice is still known today, may be found in various localities throughout the Maltese countryside.

The Migbha was usually rented by the owner and bees were taken in clay pots to be released through the openings in the Migbha’s ‘facade’.  After feeding on wild thyme and the royal mint, the bees returned back into the clay pot, which was taken back by the owner.  Probably not in use any more, the Migbha is a characteristic feature of the Maltese countryside.
Il-Migbha | reocities.com (http://reocities.com/Athens/agora/5685/pic15.html)


One is struck by the simple, rustic beauty of ancient apiaries that have been recently carefully restored to their former glory. These were constructed by extending on already existing caves facing the South for maximum heat. Loopholes were cut into the stonework as a doorway for the bees' movements, By crouching inside, one finds oneself in a corridor with several niches in the wall; each niche containing two stone shelves, thus having three tiers of terracotta beehives (qolol). The replica hives are positioned to enable visitors to understand how the apiaries operated.

The hives are lying on their sides with the neck right behind the outside hole. If the swarm was too large for the hive, an extension was added. The hives were blocked by pieces of wood which the bees scaled from inside with wax. To harvest the honey, the farmer removed the board and nit the layer off the honeycomb. leaving sufficient honey for the bees to survive.

The lower apiary is unique in the sense that it is beautifully and artistically constructed with the holes in the shape of an arch. There is every likelihood that it was built and used in Punico -Roman times. The apiary further up is more rustic and roughly built, but on the inside one can observe the large arches within which the hives were located.
Inauguration of the Restoration Project in Xemxija | targetltd.com (http://www.targetltd.com/sanpawl/historical_sites.asp)

Above this is a 'bee-house', another fragment of 'industrial' archaeology. It consists of a doorway running into a passage cut in the rock parallel to the facade, which is pierced with rows of holes. Each of these would have held a pottery beehive on its side, cylindrical with a small hole to the exterior and a large one to the passage. The bees used the smaller; the larger was blocked with a tile until the owner wished to remove the honeycomb.
quote from "Malta - an archaeological guide" by David Trump

The site below is very good and includes photos of the traditional Maltese method of beekeeping and bee hives :)

A sub speicies of the honey bee (Apis Mellifera Ruttneri) is endemic to the Maltese Islands. This was always found in the wild and sometimes still can be found although now is rare to find becaouse of diseases.  

During the many colonisers which dominated the islands, honey from Malta was considered as a delicacy and also used to be an export product from the island.It is regarded that the Phoenicians introduced the domestication of beekeeping in apiaries and earthenware jars and some Punic apiaries remain. During the Roman times Cicero in the case of Gaius Verres accuses Verres that he had stolen many jars of honey. The islands at that time fell under the jurisdiction of Sicily where Verres was a Roman magistrate.

In the countryside one can find apiaries called 'Mi?b?a' that date to Punic times.One of them is the Xemxija apiary that is one of the oldest and best example in the world. In theory this apiary is still in a state of use although the way beekeeping is done today have a different technique from that  time as now we use movable frame hives.
Traditional Beekeeping in Malta (http://www.maltesebeekeeper.com/traditional-beekeeping.php)

Title: Punic tombs and troglodyte caves on the Xemxija round hill top
Post by: electrobleme on September 12, 2010, 01:45:03

Punic tombs and troglodyte caves on the Xemxija round hill top

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-punic-phoenician-tomb-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-punic-phoenician-tomb.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/punic-rock-cut-tombs-malta-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/punic-rock-cut-tombs-malta.jpg)
xemxija (saint paul's bay) punic (phoenician) rock cut tomb (burial chamber)

A Punic tomb and troglodyte caves are easily found on the Xemxija round or rolling hill top (near saint paul's bay malta).

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-burial-caves-locations-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-burial-caves-locations.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-punic-tomb-location-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-punic-tomb-location.jpg)
xemxija burial caves (punic tomb) location guide

find the Xemxija apiaries site and just follow the path up to the top of the rolling hill (not very far). the cairns with their signs will show you the location of the xemxija Punic (phoenician) burial cave (punic rock cut tomb). Keep going up the hill to find the troglydes caves which are located behind the "farmers hovel"

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/troglodyte-caves-malta-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/troglodyte-caves-malta-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-caves-troglodytes-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-caves-troglodytes.jpg)
troglydes caves at xemxija near saint paul's bay malta

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-hill-rounded-rolling-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-hill-rounded-rolling.jpg)
xemxija hill another rounded or rolling hill top with Punic tombs or burial chambers

why are the Punic tombs of malta found on the tops of rolling or round hill tops? the punic tombs at the clapham junction cart ruts are found on a rounded hill top and also the punic rock cut burial chambers at bingemma gap (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=299.msg1375#msg1375)  are also found on a rolling hill top.

are the maltese punic tombs found on rolling hill tops because of the special geology found there? or is it to do with natural energies? are they even punic tombs or could they be something else? are the punic tombs always found near cart ruts and rolling hill tops?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/pilgrims-crosses-pilgerkreuze-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/pilgrims-crosses-pilgerkreuze-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/slalebtal-pellegrini-xemxija-maltis-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/slalebtal-pellegrini-xemxija-maltis.jpg)
pilgrims crosses - pilgerkreuze - slalebtal pellegrini - xemxija maltis

Title: Xemxija tombs or adapted structures?
Post by: electrobleme on September 13, 2010, 23:11:05
Xemxija tombs or adapted structures?

Xemxija tombs St Pauls Bay, Malta

Xemxija rolling hill top or rounded hill top has more tombs on its east side that are said to be different to the Punic tomb on the west side. These shaft and chamber tombs are said to come from the Neolithic or Stone Age. The reason they are "tombs" is that bones were found in them but these bones are said to be from the much later Bronze Age and not from when the Xemxija tombs were first used/constructed.

Were these Xemxija tombs cut into the rock by hand or did the ancient people use gEUlogy features that were already there?

Tombs 1 and 2 both have 3 rough lobes and are so close together that the wall seperating their chambers has broken through

quote from "Malta - prehistory and temples" - David Trump

One of the interesting things about a couple of these Xemxija tombs is that they have multi chambers or lobes. It has been noted that these Xemxija tombs have a similar shape or design to the Maltese Temples.

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/hagar-qim-temple-design-wireless-antenna-pattern-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/hagar-qim-temple-design-wireless-antenna-pattern.jpg)
Hagar Qim Temple design is similar to a wireless antenna pattern - energy buildings not temples?

Were the Malta temples and the Xemxija tombs originally designed and built for another purpose other than a rock cut shaft and chamber tomb? Were they cut into the rock and designed to use the natural energy of the Earth and the Universe? Were the Xemxija tombs extended holes/caves that were already there from a catastrophic event that struck Malta and the mediterranean prevously?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-plan-layout-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-plan-layout.jpg)
Xemxija tombs (St Pauls Bay) layout/plan of the very small site

Did the people who used or built the Xemxija Tombs 1 and 2 actually cut the rock so close together when they had a whole hillside that they broke through from 1 burial chamber tomb to the other? or was it part of the original design of these structures? Did the natural energy flowing from or through the earth slowly decline and they needed to boost and extend the natural energy structures they were using?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/malta-temples-tombs-lobed-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/malta-temples-tombs-lobed.jpg)
Malta's temples and tombs with similar lobed design/plan

Is this perhaps the answer why Malta's "temples" were added to and extended by either including extra lobes/apses or actual temples? Is this the same for the Xemxija tombs and evidence comes from Xemxija tombs 1 and 2?

You also have the mystery and puzzle of Xemxija tombs 6 and 7. Xemxija tomb 6 was considered to be a lone tomb but was found to be a partner to Xemxija tomb 7. Again why build them so close to each other unless they are meant to be or need to be together for some reason? Were either Xemxija tombs 6 and 7 an extension of the system for the other?

Title: Xemxija tombs - 1 and 2
Post by: electrobleme on September 14, 2010, 00:09:22

Xemxija tombs - 1 and 2

Xemxija tomb 1 -neolithic culture burial chambers or constructed for something else?

Xemxija tomb 1 - layout and scale

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-entrance-malta-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-entrance-malta.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/neolithic-revolution-chambered-tomb-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/neolithic-revolution-chambered-tomb.jpg)
Xemxija tombs 1 and 2 entrances - Neolithic revolution chambered tombs?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-rock-cut-tombs-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-rock-cut-tombs.jpg)
Xemxija shaft and chamber tomb 1 - entrance

Xemxija tomb 1 entrance - fantastic circles then odd rock lumps sticking out of the side?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-chamber-tombs-extension-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-chamber-tombs-extension.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/neolithic-culture-chamber-tomb-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/neolithic-culture-chamber-tomb.jpg)
Xemxija tomb 2 entrance or extension for Xemxija tomb 1?

The above photos show the "accidental" rock cut entrance from Xemxija tomb 2 into Xemxija tomb 1. Why would the mysterious designers/builders of the Xemxija tombs build them so close together that they would make this mistake? Was Xemxija tomb 2 an extension for Xemxija tomb 1 to increase the power or energy of the structures original design or use? Xemxija tomb 2 appears rougher made than Xemxija tomb 1 and this follows the pattern of the extra/additional/extensions to Malta's Temples - tarxien for example has a "temple" squeezed into it and it is a rough rushed job even according to the books.

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-lobes-apses-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-lobes-apses.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/malta-temples-tombs-apses-lobes-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/malta-temples-tombs-apses-lobes.jpg)
Xemxija tomb 1 - lobes/chambers - tanks? similar to Malta's temple apses?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/shaft-chamber-tomb-neolithic-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/shaft-chamber-tomb-neolithic.jpg)
St Pauls Bay shaft and chamber tombs (Xemxija tomb 1)

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-1-2-entrance-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-1-2-entrance.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/stone-age-burial-chambers-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/stone-age-burial-chambers.jpg)
Xemxija tombs 1 and 2 - Stone Age burial chambers?

The photo on the right shows the entrance and rough chamber of Xemxija tomb 2 which does not seem to have been cut or finished to a high standard as Xemxija tomb 1. Not a great thing for a burial chamber for your dead. Is this because Xemxija tomb 2 was not originally a burial chamber but designed for some other use? Xemxija tomb 2 is an extension to Xemxija tomb 1 and that is why it is rougher. It was designed or built to increase the area or energy of the original structures purpose?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/burial-of-the-dead-tombs-chambers-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/burial-of-the-dead-tombs-chambers.jpg)
burial of the dead tombs/chambers at Xemxija near Saint Paul's Bay, Malta. the Xemxija tombs are located on the eastern side of  Xemxija hill - very close to the houses. they are marked by large stone cairns

Title: Xemxija rock cut tombs 6 and 7 - Neolithic, Bronze Age or not originally tombs?
Post by: electrobleme on September 14, 2010, 14:19:20

Xemxija rock cut tombs 6 and 7 - Neolithic, Bronze Age or not originally tombs?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/bronze-age-rock-tombs-xemxija-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/bronze-age-rock-tombs-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-mystery-malta-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-mystery-malta.jpg)
Xemxija rock cut tombs 6 and 7 - Neolithic or Bronze Age or not even originally tombs?

The rock cut structures on Xemxija hill, if they are Neolithic or Bronze Age burial chambers, are a very interesting group of tombs. Found so close together on very hard rock to cut why did they choose this location? Why build them so close together and sometimes joining?

xemxija tombs 6 and 7 plan

Were the Xemxija rock cut tombs built for another purpose then adopted later on for more practical uses? Did the ancient peoples of Malta know about the original purpose of them and put their dead in their because of it?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ix-xaghra-l-bajda-tombs-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/ix-xaghra-l-bajda-tombs.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-6-7-connection-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-tombs-6-7-connection.jpg)
Xemxija rock cut tombs 6 and 7 - now joined together

Tomb 6 was thought to be just like 3 and 4 until a second chamber was recently found on the opposite side of the shaft to the first. Its roof is partly collapsed.

The majority of the finds were of the Ggantija phase, givin a wide range of restorable vessels, several of them not previously met with. There were a number of Tarxien sherds and some tombs were reopened to receive later interments in the Borg in-Nadur Bronze Age. Axe Amulets were also noteworthy among the finds. The bones were generally in poor shape and so did not receive detailed study. After the Bronze Age , the tombs were lost to sight for over three thousand years.

quote from "Malta - prehistory and temples" - David Trump

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/pottery-neolithic-rock-tombs-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/pottery-neolithic-rock-tombs.jpg)
pottery neolithic phase rock cut tombs at Xemxija on Malta

In Xemxija rock cut tomb6 there is what appears to be a small ledge on one side. Was this for a very small body to rest on or was it for some other purpose?

(http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/malta-melita-honey-bees-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingiselectric.com/images/malta/malta-melita-honey-bees.jpg)
Malta (Melita) honey bees (apis mellifera ruttneri) and Xemxija rock cut tombs 6 and 7 - still a place for natural energy?

Title: Xemxija Roman road to Manikata and Golden Bay
Post by: electrobleme on April 23, 2011, 18:28:15
Xemxija Roman road to Manikata and Golden Bay

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/geulogy/xemxija-heritage-trail-map-banner.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/geulogy/xemxija-heritage-trail-map.jpg)
Xemxija end of Roman road from Manikata (Golden Bay)

The Roman road with its well defined kerb goes up from St Pauls Bay over the rolling hill top of Xemxija and meets up with another Roman road from Manikata (Golden Bay). The Roman road leading up over Xemxija hill is part of the path route for the Xemxija Heritage Trail and goes past the apiaries. The punic tombs and neolithic tombs/tanks (or energy structures) are found a short walk away from it.

Why was the Roman road built in along the Ridge and not on the valley floor?

The long straight Roman road and a great walking route from Golden Bay (Manikata) to Xemxija was built into the side of Bajda Ridge overlooking Mistra Valley and Mizieb Valley. Mizieb Valley is one or perhaps the last and least undeveloped valley in Malta.


For centuries the area around Ghajn Tuffieha has been inhabited by busy people trying to make the best out of the fertile lands of the place, irrigated by an abundant supply of fresh water all year round. Some landmarks testify to the human activity in the whereabouts of the rural hamlet of Manikata. Cart ruts cut across the rock surface in various places. One particular line of ruts emerges from under Il-Mizieb woodland, heads towards Manikata parish church, reappears across the parish square and continues towards the cliffs over Mejjiesa Bay.

Roman archaeological remains are found on both sides of Ghajn Tuffieha valley. On the right hand side of the road which from Mgarr leads towards Ghajn Tuffieha bay, one finds Il-Gnien ta’ Ghajn Tuffieha (GhajnTuffieha Gardens). The remains of a Roman Villa with baths and mosaics, lying in ruins, are a sad reminder of happier days. On the other side of Ghajn Tuffieha, alond the ridge that leads from Manikata to Xemxija Bay, one finds numerous tombs. Some of them are in a very good state of conservation. Others are found inside natural caves and have been enlarged along the centuries to serve as storing spaces for troglodyte inhabitants. Others still have been mutilated and obliterated due to interventions on the cliff face in order to make space for levelled fields.
The Agricultural District of Ghajn Tuffieha and its rural village Manikata | letsgodine.com (http://www.letsgodine.com/a/the-agricultural-district-of-ghajn-tuffieha-and-its-rural-village-manikata.aspx)

A local man and farmer suggested that the Roman road built high up on the Bajda Ridge between Manikata
and Xemxija would have been used for transporting goods and people between the different sides of the island and Roman villas, depending on which way the wind was blowing at sea. The wind direction would have made it difficult or easier for Roman galleys to land at the bays at either end. Safe harbour for the Roman galleys visiting Malta to trade would also be another factor. Ask St Paul if you get to heaven about safe harbours and landings on Malta during Roman times.

There were large Roman Villas and roman industrial buildings in the areas, the Xemxija apiaries are a perfect example. But to build a Roman road between Golden Bay and St Pauls Bay would have meant it was important enough, with enough traffic to justify it.

So why was it built into the Bajda Ridge and not on the valley floor of Pwales Valley? If you are unloading and loading goods and then transporting them between Golden Bay and St Pauls Bay the easiest option is to build a straight Roman road between these 2 places.


The building stands at the conjunction of Roman roads. One leads up from the shore to the plateau and runs beside the villa to the east. Besdige this road as it climbs the ridge there is an ancient apiary, likely part of the estate belonging to the villa. In antiquity Malta was famed for its honey, which was a major export. Beyond the villa to the north the road joins another Roman road , this one typically straight, which can be traced for a long distance along the northern edge of the Baida Ridge from Mistra in the east (norht of Xemxija) to Manikata in the west.
History and Exegesis: New Testament Essays in Honor of Dr. E. Earle Ellis on His Eightieth Birthday By Sang-Won Son | google books (http://books.google.com/books?id=UlEw9wi0h9YC&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=roman+road+from+Xemxija+to+manikata&source=bl&ots=h6xvY2NpVe&sig=WATlcrFjR2KyRMyKn3iUxkvf5l0&hl=en&ei=ReyyTbHLB4G2hAf3tsHkDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=roman%20road%20from%20Xemxija%20to%20manikata&f=false)

Instead the Roman road is on the other side of Bajda Ridge, the other side from the 2 bays. Also at the Xemxija end it goes over and down the rolling hill top and steep side of Xemxija. It makes no real sense unless the valleys below them were either much wetter or flooded due to higher sea levels (http://www.everythingselectric.com/forum/index.php?topic=357.0).

Sea levels rise and fall very quickly, it has nothing to do with the myth of Global Warming. The world has had Ice Ages and mini ice ages and warm periods and its to do with the sun in an Electric Universe, not humans.

Also, if you are a christian then the bible and the account of the shipwreck of Saint Paul on the island of Malta gives a clue to higher sea levels during Roman times.

Title: Roman road - Manikata to Xemxija Roman baths
Post by: electrobleme on April 24, 2011, 20:54:27
Roman road - manikata to Xemxija Roman baths

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-manikata-roman-road-routes-forum.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-manikata-roman-road-routes.jpg)
Manikata to Xemxija Roman Baths - Roman Road routes

I visited the Xemxija rolling hill top and Bajda Ridge area again today to look for the Roman Baths and the Xemxija cart ruts. I didnt know that the Roman road carried on up to the Roman Baths, so this may have been a reason for the Roman road being extended to there but not enough reason for the Roman road to be built. If it was then how annoyed must the people who built it have been!

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-mediterranean-maltese-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-mediterranean-maltese.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-kerbs-xemxija-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-kerbs-xemxija.jpg)
Roman roads in the mediterranean Xemxija - Maltese kerbs

The north side (down the Bajda Ridge hill side) of the Roman road kerb at Xemxija is constructed with square blocks, the kerb side of the Roman road cut into the Bajda Ridge is dug out of the limestone rock. So it should be flat along the whole side but in part there appears that limestone has formed since it was cut or the romans did not bother with this bit.

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-mediterranean-kerbs-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-mediterranean-kerbs.jpg)
Roman roads in the mediterranean - kerbs cut out of the limestone

Has the limestone been formed within the last couple of 1000 years? Did the Romans who constructed this not finish this part of the kerb off? Is this evidence of gEUlogy that has struck Malta? This particular area would appear to be a likely point for gEUlogy because it is a rolling hill top, it has the energy tanks (neolithc tombs), the water supply for the Roman baths and perhaps the cart ruts. There is also electroblemes and gEUlogy around the cart ruts.

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-kerbing-xemxija-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-kerbing-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-map-xemxija-rolling-hilltop-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-map-xemxija-rolling-hilltop.jpg)
Roman roads kerbing and junction at Xemxija rolling hilltop

Here you can see the Roman road kerb at the junction where the Roman road joins up with the Roman road that goes over the Xemxija rolling hilltop to Xemxija bay (Saint Pauls bay).

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-xemxija-malta-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-xemxija-malta.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-mizieb-valley-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-road-mizieb-valley.jpg)
Roman road Xemxija Roman Baths to Manikata - view of Mizieb Valley

This is the Roman road that you can walk and drive along from Manikata to Xemxija Roman Baths. I have driven along it from the Manikata end to the Hill Climb road without knowing it was the Roman road. I will have to go back to see where it ends and what happens in that area.

There is an aquaduct at the Manikata end. It would be interesting to see if it has any water erosion at the bottom of it. Also I guess it is from the Knights of Malta era and not Roman?

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-construction-kerbs-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-construction-kerbs.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-construction-techniques-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-roads-construction-techniques.jpg)
Roman road construction techniques - kerbs at Xemxija Malta

These Roman road kerbs are still in place and look as solid as ever. It either shows the great construction techniques the Romans used to build these roads or they have been recently renovated.

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-chariot-tracks-xemxija-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-chariot-tracks-xemxija.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-roman-road-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-roman-road.jpg)
Roman chariot tracks at Xemxija junction, cart ruts or something much newer? Also Roman road going down to the Xemxija junction (Mizieb Valley side going away from St Pauls Bay)

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/bajda-ridge-maltese-geology-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/bajda-ridge-maltese-geology.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-xemxija-geology-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-xemxija-geology.jpg)
The rolling hilltop of Xemxija hill. The reason the "tombs" are there? The reason the Xemxija cart ruts are there?

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/bajda-ridge-walking-hiking-geology-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/bajda-ridge-walking-hiking-geology.jpg)

The rolling hilltops of Bajda Ridge. The Bajda Ridge is made up of a series of rolling hilltops or conical hills, the same as parts of other ridges. I believe (at the moment) that the ridges grow or are formed in sections but very quickly in a gEUlogy world. As the hills get bigger they combine to create ridges and if they get bigger then they go onto the next stage. Like atoms have steps or energy levels that restrict what their structure into defined sizes and shapes.

Separate hills can form their own limestone cap or ridge. You will see that Xemxija hill stands out from the hills around it and it has a large ridge and smaller ridges that curve up and around the side from the Mizieb Valley up to the the Bajda Ridge top and the Roman road.

If a hill has enough energy put into it then it will get a limestone cap, if enough gEUlogy happens the separate rolling hilltops will join to make a large joined up ridge top, like the Mellieha ridge top where the town is (that you can see from mellieha).

You will also see that on the Mellieha ridge, at the end of the town, where the Hill Climb road goes up there is a stand out and slightly along rolling hilltop (the slight lump in the photo below).

You will see around Malta that two hills with a peak/lump or a limestone cap will be joined by a curving line that joins the peaks. This is not erosion, this is the step of them forming a larger hill but the Electric Universe process was stopped so the larger hill did not happen.

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/garigue-flowers-malta-pink-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/garigue-flowers-malta-pink.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/mizieb-valley-malta-garigue-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/mizieb-valley-malta-garigue.jpg)
garigue flowers and the Mizieb Valley Malta

Title: Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) Malta
Post by: electrobleme on April 24, 2011, 21:49:24

Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) Malta

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-roman-baths-location-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-roman-baths-location.jpg)
Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) Malta

The Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) Malta are round at the east end of the Roman road and below and near the cart ruts. If you get on the Roman Road then you will not be able to miss them.

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-roman-bath-interior-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-roman-bath-interior.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-baths-xemxija-mediterranean-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-baths-xemxija-mediterranean.jpg)
interior of the Roman baths at Xemxija

The interior of the Roman baths at Xemxija is not what you will be expecting if you have visited other Roman baths in the Mediterranean. It has virtually nothing left of the original Roman baths construction materials and is basically some bare caves or rooms cut into the rock.

You can understand why it took so long before the Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) were recognised as such.

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-baths-mediterranean-malta-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-baths-mediterranean-malta.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/saint-pauls-bay-roman-baths-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/saint-pauls-bay-roman-baths.jpg)
Saint Pauls Bay Roman baths

One of the most interesting features are the windows, where you have stones with grooves and holes cut into them

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/maltas-roman-baths-construction-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/maltas-roman-baths-construction.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-baths-construction-maltese-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/roman-baths-construction-maltese.jpg)
Roman baths construction on the maltese island

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-roman-baths-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/st-pauls-bay-roman-baths.jpg)
Xemxija (St Paul's Bay) Roman baths chimney/vent

This is an unusual shape in the ceiling, in the same room as the windows

(http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-roman-baths-map-image.jpg) (http://www.everythingselectric.com/images/malta/xemxija-roman-baths-map.jpg)

Roman baths at Xemxija (Saint Paul's Bay) Malta location and entrance can be found at the east end of the Roman road by this building. Walk down the steps marked by the Xemxija Heritage Trail Carin and the Roman baths are to your right.