Standard science suggests that the lighter chemical elements of Helium and Hydrogen were created in the initial Big Bang and that these make up most of the matter in the universe. Basically the rest of elements were created later by the rest of the Big Bang, from supernova's (dying stars/suns) and from living stars/suns.
The Electric Universe theory (EU theory) suggests that there was no Big Bang, so elements were and are formed in a different way. Elements are still being created and perhaps possibly transmuted into other elements and forms now, without chemical or nuclear fusion as the process.
The origin of elements, or the transmutation of elements is still an ongoing thing with electric stars and our sun creating a lot of elements. Stars in different electromagnetic/plasma stages forming different elements?
But could elements and their compounds also be created in planets atmospheres? Inside planets like Earth where elements, minerals, water, gas, oil, magma are found in and coming out of the planet?
Do electromagnetic events and discharges that effect space bodies create and transmute elements? Asteroids, active asteroids (comets), the geology of the Earth, planets and moons. Areas around craters?
Also, other plasma events in the universe seem to create elements, compounds, water, minerals that along with dust are found to stream away from them.
Carbon element and diamonds
The Carbon element is famous for creating diamonds. But diamonds are a total mystery and puzzle to geology.
How were they formed and survived the journey to the planets surface? Why are Kimberlite pipes where diamonds are found and are breccia pipes a form of this electric geology created elements and compounds?
Instantly transmuted and formed elements and diamonds? With Lonsdaleite diamonds being formed/transmuted at crater creating events?
Element formation during Electric Geology not just restricted to the element Carbon, with these same zircon crystals being found in different eruptions.
Electric Universe theory (EU theory) element formation
In the Electric Sun model it is clear that the photosphere is the site of a strong plasma arc discharge. This produces the Sun's continuous visible light spectrum. Immediately above this in the Sun’s atmosphere there is the Double Layer (DL) in which an intense, outwardly directed electric field resides. It is within this strong E-field that many heavy elements are created by z-pinch fusion.
Spectral Lines in Various Types of Stars - Electric Cosmology | electric-cosmos.org
But, one of the basic rules of nuclear chemistry is the 'zone of stability'. This is the observation that if we add neutrons to the nucleus of any atom, we need to add an almost proportional number of protons (and their accompanying electrons) to maintain a stable nucleus. In fact, it seems that when we consider all the natural elements (and the heavy man made elements as well), there is a requirement that in order to hold a group of neutrons together in a nucleus, a certain number of proton-electron pairs are required. The stable nuclei of the lighter elements contain approximately equal numbers of neutrons and protons, a neutron/proton ratio of 1. The heavier nuclei contain a few more neutrons than protons, but the limit seems to be 1.5 neutrons per proton. Nuclei that differ significantly from this ratio SPONTANEOUSLY UNDERGO RADIOACTIVE TRANSFORMATIONS that tend to bring their compositions into or closer to this ratio.
Flying in the face of this observed fact, mainstream astrophysicists continue to postulate the existence of stars made up of solid material consisting only of neutrons, "neutronium".
Pulsars - Electric Cosmology | electric-cosmos.org
Stars are electrical “transformers” not thermonuclear devices. There are no neutron stars or Black Holes. We don’t know the age of stars because the thermonuclear evolution theory does not apply to them. Supernovae are totally inadequate as a source of heavy elements.
... The powerful electric discharges that form a stellar photosphere create the heavy elements that appear in their spectra.
The Electric Universe | thunderbolts.info
Cosmic rays are energetic ions from space that arrive in the Sun’s local neighborhood traveling at extremely high velocities. About 90% of all cosmic rays are single protons, or hydrogen nuclei, followed by 5% helium, with the remainder being all other elements in the periodic table. The term “cosmic rays” is a misnomer and stems from the early days of their discovery.
Cosmic Ions | thunderbolts TPOD
Mainstream astronomy attempts to describe how stars 'age' (run out of nuclear fuel) and slowly migrate, taking hundreds of thousands of years to do so, tracing paths from one location on the HR diagram to another (the star going from one spectral class to another). The paths that stars 'must take' are, of course, completely predicated on the assumption that stars are fueled by the various stages of nuclear fusion of the lightest elements.
The ES model [Electric Sun model] does not make that assumption. Humans have not been around long enough to actually observe any stars making the predicted slow migrations from one place on the HR diagram to another. So, at present, slow "stellar evolution" is another one of those complicated theoretical constructs that live brightly in the minds of astrophysicists without any observational evidence of their actual existence.
Stellar Evolution - Electric Cosmology | electric-cosmos.org
As indicated, it is generally assumed that matter, i.e. atoms and molecules, are charge neutral on most macroscopic scales, such that the electromagnetic forces, which are some 1036 times stronger than gravitational forces, are confined to the microscopic scale. Clearly, this is not the case within a plasma, where charged particles, e.g. electrons and ions, can be accelerated by the existence of internal electromagnetic fields. Based on earlier discussions of Maxwell’s equations, we might also realised that any accelerated charged particles can be a source of EM radiation. One particular form of radiation of interest within the plasma model is known as ‘synchrotron radiation’, which is emitted when electrons spiral around magnetic field lines.
The combination of charged particles and electromagnetic fields underpin the kinematics that plasma physics is seeking to quantify in terms of a cosmological model. So while all matter is subject to gravity, a plasma can be dominated by additional EM forces, which typically exist between negatively charged electrons and positively charged ions. So, given that the EM force is 1036 times stronger than gravity, plasmas can form structures that are much more dynamic and complex than those normally found in neutral solids, liquids or gases.
How do electromagnetic plasma processes change the dynamics of matter? | mysearch.org.uk
Stellar lightning bolts are effective particle accelerators that can synthesize heavy elements in nuclear reactions at the surface of a star. The heavy elements seen in the Sun’s spectrum are created at the surface of the Sun, along with the few neutrinos we observe. That neutrino numbers seem to follow surface and external effects like sunspots and the solar wind is to be expected in an electric star. It is inexplicable in the thermonuclear model.
In the last few years a new class of faint stars has been discovered. They are called L-Type Brown Dwarfs because the element lithium appears in their spectra. They are the most numerous stellar objects in the galaxy and bridge the gap between stars and Jupiter-sized planets. They are too small to be shining from internal thermonuclear power. A further puzzle is that they radiate blue and ultraviolet light even though they are cool at a temperature around 950K. Water molecules dominate their spectra.
Other stars, other worlds, other life?
Electric Universe theory (EU theory) related links:
Continuous Creation from Electric Plasma versus Big Bang Universe | i-sis.org.uk