Dusty plasma cosmology: Jupiter and Io

Low or no thermal signals for Io's volcanic explosion plumes. No need for volcanic heat.

plasma wind fountain

Ionised gases (plasma) containing dust like electrochemical particles moving in, through and part of Jupiter's magnetosphere phenomenons.

Transformation of chemical elements by electromagnetic forces flowing in the plasma wind. Charged material accelerating up their plasma fountain variation.

"These results highlight the growing body of evidence that the traditional way of monitoring Io's volcanism – by looking for temperature changes on its surface caused by hot lava – is not able to reliably find these large gas release events,"

"Lack of a strong infrared counterpart to this event tells us something about the geology of Io. To use some well-known Earth analogies, this volcanic event may have been from an eruption more like that of Mount St Helens in 1980, which released lots of gas and dust, rather than Kilauea's recent eruptions in Hawaii, which produce lots of hot lava"
Sodium, not heat, reveals volcanic activity on Jupiter's moon Io | Phys.org

Io's charged material electrically excavated, excited, accelerated or thermal explosion off moons surface?

plasma cosmology jupiter io

... these results are interesting because the movement of extra material through Jupiter's magnetosphere drives a host of physical phenomena observable by other techniques... The immediate goal of the research is to better understand how ionized material moves in a rapidly rotating planetary magnetosphere
Sodium, not heat, reveals volcanic activity on Jupiter's moon Io | Phys.org

Plasma wind is part of dusty plasma cosmology processes in our solar system and magnetic universe.

The Electric Universe has always suggested the Io plasma fountains are not magma variations of heating powered volcanoes.

magnetic universe electric jupiter io

Io Input/Output Facility detected a 6-month long enhancement in the Jovian sodium nebula. The onset of the enhancement occurred in the mid 2017 December–early 2018 January timeframe. Sodium emission over the IoIO 0fdg4 field of view was seen to increase through 2018 January and peak in 2018 early March

A new infrared hot spot was found on Io near Susanoo/Mulungu Paterae between January 2 and 12, however this hot spot was neither bright nor long-lasting enough to have been independently identified as the source of a major sodium nebula enhancement. Furthermore, no other report of this event has been made despite a significant number of observations of the Jovian system by and in support of NASA's Juno mission.
Large Volcanic Event on Io Inferred from Jovian Sodium Nebula Brightening