Ultima Thule should be rocky, dusty, have boulders, might have cliffs, smooth areas, and impact craters with at least one improportionally large basin. Impossible geology for a minor planet.
It should be similar to one of the other types of comets/asteroids observed. Already it looks to have the rubber duck, double lobe shape. It's physical features should look surprisingly familiar to those found on other bodies including moon's and planets. Earthcentric geomorphology will struggle to explain them.
This Kuiper belt object (4 billion miles from Earth) should have some form of atmosphere (plasma layers), plasmasphere and magnetosphere. Not sure if New Horizons spacecraft can detect them though?
For this KPO to have any previously active geological processes where would the essential heat and energy have come from?
Will trans-Neptunian object have to join the list of migrating planets, jumping gas giants, in objects that have been moved from there original formation position? If sun's heat is needed then will they have had to form closer to the sun then migrated outwards. How would faint young son paradox challenge this?
Will astronomy have to suggested that geology and surface material transformation occurred during violent events that created its newer shape after its original formation from the source material for our solar systems cosmology. This would mean though that the material of KPO's are not pristine and original primordial rocky ice balls. Unless all comets, asteroids objects like this were formed initially in these shapes?
Could it, KPO's, asteroid belt, be explained if orbiting objects are due to electromagnetic gravity? Perhaps electrically sorted.
Are KPO's pristine remnants from our solar systems formation? Or another space body held in a distant orbit by its electromagnetic properties, with its scientific surprising geological processes the result of relatively recent electromagnetic forces and electrochemistry?
A sample size of none then increasing to one is not great empirical science to base predictions on but this depends on what you consider a Kuiper belt object to be. Good theories predict or can at least logically explain what is observed without much surprise, modification or creation of new physics, geology and cosmology.
As the Electric Universe discovered, with extrasolar object Oumuamua and initially much chagrin, theoretical predictions against an unknown opposition never survive first contact or even binary contact.
Please note, these ARE NOT Thunderbolts Project predictions.
Ultima Thule peer reviewed and predicted
Ultima is in what's termed the Kuiper belt - the band of frozen material that orbits the Sun more than 2 billion km further out than the eighth of the classical planets, Neptune; and 1.5 billion km beyond even the dwarf planet Pluto which New Horizons visited in 2015.
It's estimated there are hundreds of thousands of Kuiper members like Ultima, and their frigid state almost certainly holds clues to the formation conditions of the Solar System 4.6 billion years ago.
One is that the Sun is so dim in this region that temperatures are down near 30-40 degrees above absolute zero. As a result, chemical reactions have essentially stalled. This means Ultima is in such a deep freeze that it is probably perfectly preserved in the state in which it formed.
Another factor is that Ultima is small (about 30km across), and this means it doesn't have the type of "geological engine" that in larger objects will rework their composition.
And a third factor is just the nature of the environment. It's very sedate in the Kuiper belt. Unlike in the inner Solar System, there are probably very few collisions between objects. The Kuiper belt hasn't been stirred up.
Alan Stern said: "Everything that we're going to learn about Ultima - from its composition to its geology, to how it was originally assembled, whether it has satellites and an atmosphere, and that kind of thing - is going to teach us about the original formation conditions in the Solar System that all the other objects we've gone out and orbited, flown by and landed on can't tell us because they're either large and evolve, or they are warm. Ultima is unique."
New Horizons: Nasa probe survives flyby of Ultima Thule | BBC/a>
UDPATE: The New Horizons spaceship went successfully past Ultima Thule, the concern now is where the equipment pointing in the correct direction to get the images. Now we patiently wait for the initial few high definition images to be beamed back and then over the next couple of years the rest of the pictures to be sent back. All further updates and news will be posted in a different article.
NASA's New Horizons spacecraft flew past Ultima Thule in the early hours of New Year's Day, ushering in the era of exploration from the enigmatic Kuiper Belt, a region of primordial objects that holds keys to understanding the origins of the solar system ...
In addition to being the first to explore Pluto, today New Horizons flew by the most distant object ever visited by a spacecraft and became the first to directly explore an object that holds remnants from the birth of our solar system, said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.
New Horizons Successfully Explores Ultima Thule | Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory