Helium 3 and iron coronal mass transmutation

Rare observed coronal mass ejections and accelerations of iron and helium-3 particles. With 10,000 times the amount of helium 3 and ten times the normal iron masses ejected.

Just coronal mass ejection and acceleration of these elements? Coronal mass transformation, transmutation? Coronal mass creation?

scientists found the typical increase of extreme ultraviolet radiation, which is usually accompanied by particle events of this kind, but this time in an unfamiliar form: helical movements were clearly recognizable. This is the first time that we have seen a twisted radiation outburst as the source of helium-3 and iron-rich particle flows says Bučík.

... Why is this extremely rare helium isotope accelerated into space so efficiently? And why iron?
Magnetic coil springs accelerate particles on the Sun | Max Planck Institute

3He coronal mass ejections iron helium-3

The helical jets originated in relatively small, compact active regions, located at the coronal-hole boundary. A mini-filament at the base of the jet appears to trigger these events ... The helical jets may be a distinct feature of these intense events that is related to the production of high 3He and Fe enrichments.
3He-rich Solar Energetic Particles in Helical Jets on the Sun

Iron and Helium-3 coronal mass ejections

  • Transformation of chemical elements into iron and helium (3He)?
  • Is the stable isotope He-3 a CME trigger or formed because it has more protons than neutrons?
  • Creation of elements from and due to the Suns external plasma environment?
  • Enriched flares due to sudden increase of iron and He-3 from solar system source?
  • Other?

element transmutation coronal mass ejectionsSudden particle emissions, in which our star repeatedly hurls large amounts of charged and uncharged particles into space, are still a mystery. Some of these particle flows are accompanied by violent solar flares, a sudden and local increase of the Sun's brightness, and contain up to 10,000 times more helium-3 and up to 10 times more iron than the Sun's atmosphere. Why is this extremely rare helium isotope accelerated into space so efficiently? And why iron? How does the Sun supply these particles with the necessary energy to catapult them into space? ... Only seldomly does the Sun emit particle flows so heavily enriched in helium-3 and heavier elements into space

In April and July 2014, the Sun emitted three jets of energetic particles into space, that were quite exceptional: the particle flows contained such high amounts of iron and helium-3, a rare variety of helium, as have been observed only few times before. Since these extraordinary events occurred on the backside of our star, they were not discovered immediately ... the study shows a correlation between helium-3 and iron-rich particle flows and helical eruptions of ultraviolet radiation in the Sun's atmosphere. These could provide the necessary energy to accelerate the particles into space
Magnetic coil springs accelerate particles on the Sun | Max Planck Society

3He Fe Birkeland filaments

Helium-3 is a light, non-radioactive isotope of helium with two protons and one neutron (common helium having two neutrons) ... Other than protium, helium-3 is the only stable isotope of any element with more protons than neutrons.
Helium-3 | wikipedia

Birkeland's plasma helical jets?

Birkeland filaments are twisting plasma structures, found in varying scales throughout the plasma universe. Could these helical plasma structure be a variation of Kristian Birkeland currents?

Particle acceleration in stellar flares is ubiquitous in the universe; however, our Sun is the only astrophysical object where energetic particles and their source flares can both be observed. The acceleration mechanism in solar flares, tremendously enhancing (up to a factor of 10,000) rare elements like 3He and ultra-heavy nuclei, has been puzzling for almost 50 years. Here we present some of the most intense 3He- and Fe-rich solar energetic particle events ever reported. The events were accompanied by nonrelativistic electron events and type-III radio bursts.

The corresponding high-resolution, extreme-ultraviolet imaging observations have revealed for the first time a helical structure in the source flare with a jet-like shape. The helical jets originated in relatively small, compact active regions, located at the coronal-hole boundary. A mini-filament at the base of the jet appears to trigger these events. The events were observed with the two Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatories on the backside of the Sun, during the period of increased solar activity in 2014.

The helical jets may be a distinct feature of these intense events that is related to the production of high 3He and Fe enrichments.
3He-rich Solar Energetic Particles in Helical Jets on the Sun

helium 3 iron cme
He-rich Solar Energetic Particles in Helical Jets on the Sun: The flare from 29 April, 2014 as seen by the instrument SECCHI/EUVI on board STEREO at a wavelength of 171 Å