It is suggested that Bridgmanite can only exist deep within the earth as it is unstable under lower pressure.
Bridgmanite mineral! What on Earth?
Earth's lower mantle is largely composed of magnesium iron silicate, in the form of a mineral with a perovskite crystal structure. Given that the lower mantle is about 2000 kilometres thick, this mineral makes up 38 per cent of Earth's entire volume, so it is easily our planet's most common mineral.
It is surprisingly rare at Earth's surface, though. So rare, in fact, that geologists have struggled to find a natural sample. And the rulebook is strict: a mineral can't be formally named with no natural sample to describe it.
Lucky strike in search for Earth's most common mineral
Geology has now been able to name the rock as Bridgmanite as they finally found a sample of the rock/mineral that makes up over a third of the Earth. It came from the rock found near a meteor impact crater in Australia called the Tenham meteorite.
The mineral Ringwoodite, a similar theoretical high pressure mantel mineral was also discovered in the Tenham meteorite.
How were the formed in an asteroid and still remain stable on the surface of the Earth?